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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic:  geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

1) To achieve the land degradation neutrality (LDN) goal by 2030, India needs a total overhaul of its policies and programmes governing land. Discuss and suggest what needs to be done to achieve the goal at the earliest?(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

India recently hosted the Conference of Parties (COP14) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and announced a voluntary target to achieve land degradation neutrality by 2030.Thus it is important from the exam point of view to evaluate the conditions to achieve LDN in India.

Key demand of the question:

The discussion should spell out the changes required in the approach of Indian policy regime and programmes so as to achieve the LDN goal by 2030.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First explain what you understand by LDN.

Body:

Explain the concept of LDN – A state whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within specified temporal and spatial scales and ecosystems.

Then discuss what the key elements that require change are.

What changes are required in terms of policies and programme to address the challenges?

Suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic:   Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

2) Job quotas in the private sector are a Band-Aid approach to the on-going job crisis and are aimed largely at political dividends. Analyse and suggest what should be the way forward?(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

Rajasthan has become the latest state to join the bandwagon of states proposing to provide job reservations in the private sector. It plans to reserve 75% of jobs for the local residents in the private sector, much as Andhra Pradesh did earlier this year through a law. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain that though there is no doubt that there is a huge need for job creation across states, but forcing the private sector’s hand is not the way to go about it.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the context of the question.

Body:

First explain whether reservations should be envisaged in the private sector or not. Then explain the recent steps taken by various state governments and their implications on the employment factor and quality. Discuss the associated concerns in detail and give your opinion.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion with suitable justifications.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) India needs an overhaul of medical education, new colleges alone won’t ensure quality healthcare. Do you agree? Critically examine.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

One has to discuss that India’s medical education system needs to go beyond existing reform moves.

Key demand of the question:

It’s a rather sad state of affairs when the present 398 medical colleges in India fail to provide the much-needed healthcare for its 1.2 billion-strong population. Students are expected to discuss the various issues plaguing medical education in India.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief bring out the importance of medical education in India.

Body:

Explain in detail the key problems plaguing medical education in India.

What are the issues? – Doctor-patient ratio is too less, Rote learning is more important than clinical skills, Backdated syllabus and teaching style, Lack of skilled teachers, Disparity in infrastructure across different states, Lack of social accountability etc.

Discuss how these issues listed above can be fixed and what changes are to be made to overcome the challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the fact that fixing the problems in the medical industry is crucial to the health and well-being of a country.


Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

4) What do understand by Disability-adjusted life year (DALY)? Why has Malnutrition still remained a leading cause of death among Indian children under the age of five? Critically analyse. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Malnutrition continues to be the leading cause for death among Indian children under the age of five, according to a study led by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).Thus it is important to understand the underlying causes and solutions to address the situation.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of DALY and discuss in detail the causes of malnutrition prevalent in the country.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Two-thirds of the 1.04 million deaths in children under five years in India are still attributable to malnutrition, according to the first comprehensive estimate of disease burden due to child and maternal malnutrition and the trends of its indicators in every State from 1990.

Body:

Explain first what is DALY? – The disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate is measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators.

Then explain the reasons for rising malnutrition incidences in the country.

Suggest what measures are required to address the problem.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting need for a multi-pronged approach and reforms in the policies and programmes to address the issue effectively.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) India’s experience with existing free trade agreements has been lukewarm so far, explain the underlying reasons and discuss what should be the way ahead to change this experience into a positive outcome. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article critically examines the Indian scenario of Free trade agreements and its effects on India’s economy.

Key demand of the question:

India signed a series of Free Trade Agreements (FTA) in Asia that came into force in the 2000s. Across industry and policy-makers, a view has emerged that these FTAs have not served India well, and even actively damaged Indian industry. Thus one has to analyse in detail the aspects of FTAs with respect to Indian economy.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what FTAs are.

Body:

Explain in what way the success of an FTA should be judged against its objective of enhancing trade.

Discuss the factors responsible for such an effect and also suggest what steps should be taken to ensure better realization of the FTAs.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

6) Integrity is the bridge between responsibility in private and professional life. Give your opinion in this regard with suitable illustrations.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question intends to evaluate the significance of integrity as a key virtue in bridging private and professional life.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the importance of integrity as a key value.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what integrity is.

Body:

Explain that Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. Integrity means following your moral or ethical convictions and doing the right thing in all circumstances, even if no one is watching you. Having integrity means you are true to yourself and would do nothing that demeans or dishonors you.

Discuss with suitable case study or an example as to how it can bridge the private and professional life.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting its importance.


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) Rights and duties are two sides of same coin. Do you agree? If so why?(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based upon the theme of rights and duties.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must establish clearly the interlinkages between one’s rights and duties and in what way both go hand in hand.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what rights are and what duties are in general.

Body:

Discuss that Rights and Duties always go together: Both go side by side. These are the two sides of the same coin. If the state gives the right to life to a citizen, it also imposes an obligation on him to not to expose his life to dangers, as well as to respect the life of others. 

Such questions are best answered using examples from real life. 

Conclusion:

Conclude that Rights and duties are closely related and cannot be separated from one another. 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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