Topic: geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
1) To achieve the land degradation neutrality (LDN) goal by 2030, India needs a total overhaul of its policies and programmes governing land. Discuss and suggest what needs to be done to achieve the goal at the earliest?(250 words)
Why this question:
India recently hosted the Conference of Parties (COP14) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and announced a voluntary target to achieve land degradation neutrality by 2030.Thus it is important from the exam point of view to evaluate the conditions to achieve LDN in India.
Key demand of the question:
The discussion should spell out the changes required in the approach of Indian policy regime and programmes so as to achieve the LDN goal by 2030.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
First explain what you understand by LDN.
Explain the concept of LDN – A state whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within specified temporal and spatial scales and ecosystems.
Then discuss what the key elements that require change are.
What changes are required in terms of policies and programme to address the challenges?
Conclude with way forward.