Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19  September 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures

1) Recently the ambit of RTI was widened by bringing in NGOs under its purview, don’t you think bringing judiciary under the purview of the RTI Act can lead to enhanced public trust in the judiciary? Critically Analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

To bring further transparency in “public dealings and probity in public life”, the Supreme Court on Tuesday held that NGOs getting substantial funds directly or indirectly from the government fall within the ambit of the Right to Information (RTI) Act. 

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the nuances of bringing judiciary under the ambit of RTI and the outcome of such a move.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the relevance of RTI as of today.

Body:

The answer body should capture the following aspects briefly – 

Explain first the salient features of RTI.

Provide for arguments in favour of bringing the Judiciary under RTI.

In what way it will enhance the public trust in Judiciary – quote necessary reasons such as Transparency, will ensure accountability, help address abuse of discretion, corruption and other administrative malpractices.

Discuss the necessary arguments against bringing judiciary in RTI.

Conclusion:

Conclude with fair and balanced opinion.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2) Discuss the salient features of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) scheme. Comment upon its objectives and associated challenges. (250 words)

Vikaspedia

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to evaluate the salient features of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidh scheme – its objectives and challenges.

Key demand of the question:

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain whom does the scheme cater to? What are its key objectives etc?

Body:

Explain the key objectives of the scheme – With a view to provide income support to all land holding eligible farmer families, the Government has launched PM-KISAN. The scheme aims to supplement the financial needs of the farmers in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income.

Then move on to brief a little on benefits and eligibility conditions of the scheme.

Discuss the possible challenges the scheme may face and how can these challenges be overcome.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such initiatives and suggest way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) Analyse the causes of economic slowdown in detail and suggest measures to boost the economy.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article talks about the causes of recent economic slowdown being witnessed by the country.

Key demand of the question:

One should explain the causes of the economic slowdown and what are the necessary measures that need to be taken to overcome the situation.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with what is an economic slowdown.

Body:

Explain in detail the following dimensions:

Discuss first what is meant by slowdown in an economy?

What is the problem with Indian economy?

Discuss the structural and cyclical reasons leading to do the current slowdown in the Indian economy.

Suggest what all reforms can be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4) At a time when we are looking for traces of water in search of life on the moon, we should give greater importance to conserving water on earth.  Comment on the statement with emphasis on need for a peoples movement to conserve water.(250 words)

pib

Why this question:

The question intends to discuss the urgency of water conservation through an effective people’s movement.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the need to encourage people’s movement to overcome and face the water crisis facing the country.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in short the looming crisis scenario of water.

Body:

Explain in what way people’s participation – a Jan Andolan and holistic approaches are crucial to ensure the success of schemes and policies addressing the water crisis currently witnessing the country.

Suggest solutions to address the crisis, what should be the way forward, in what ways one can address the various issues leading to water scarcity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions and emphasize on the need of Jal Andolan.


Topic:   Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5) What is clean coal technology? Do you agree that clean coal is the next silver bullet for India’s carbon emission reduction after solar energy? Analyse.(250 words)

The hindubusinessline

Why this question:

Recently Union Minister of Science & Technology inaugurated the National Centre for Clean Coal Research and Development at Indian Institute of Science (IISc)-Bengaluru.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the concept of clean coal technology, and also in what way it has a key role to play in India’s carbon emission reduction after solar energy.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is Clean coal technology

Body:

Clean coal technology is a collection of technologies being developed in attempts to lessen the negative environmental impact of coal energy generation and to mitigate worldwide climate change.

The term “clean coal” has been applied to many technologies, ranging from wet scrubbers, which remove sulfur dioxide from coal-generated gas, to coal washing, which removes soil and rock from coal before it’s sent to a factory.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the research in clean coal domain could potentially be game changer for meeting the energy needs of the country in terms of higher efficiency and capacity at lower operating costs and size. 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6) Critically analyse the possibility of legally enforceable code of ethics for bureaucrats and politicians in India.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is to ascertain one’s opinion about the question of legal enforceability of code of ethics for bureaucrats and politicians.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain both the pros and cons of legally enforcing code of ethics for bureaucrats and politics.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

One can start by explaining the need of ethics in Bureaucracy and politics.

Body:

Students must explain both pros and cons of having legal enforceability of ethics in general.

Explain the benefits of having a legally enforced code of ethics.

Discuss the associated concerns and what needs to be done to overcome it?

Conclusion:

Conclude that though legal enforcement has potential to resolve the crisis but fear of law is not a sustainable solution. The values should be inculcated in the persons to have a long term effect.


Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) “Love does not claim possession, but gives freedom”, analyse the statement in the context of contemporary world.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is based on a quote given by Rabindranath Tagore.

Key demand of the question:

One has to expand the statement in the question and explain the significance of the thoughts it tries to convey.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief reassert the meaning of the statement in short.

Body:

Discuss that the meaning of “Love does not claim possession, but gives freedom” is that love should be selfless and shouldn’t bound an individual of her/his freedom.

Explain using suitable illustrations such as love of a mother for her children etc.

Also discuss why true love should always give way for freedom, and what the consequences are when love is bound by lack of freedom and is associated with sense of possession.

Conclusion:

Conclude that love should be unconditional a trait that should come with the values of selflessness.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.