Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
1) Recent observations by the Supreme Court have put the spotlight back on the debate over a Uniform Civil Code. Analyse what such a Code would seek to achieve, and what have been the arguments for and against it.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question aims to evaluate the debate of Uniform civil code.
Key demand of the question:
One must analyse the arguments for and against the Uniform civil code and discuss why it is back in news and what should be the next step in this direction.
analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Define UCC – A Uniform Civil Code means that all sections of the society irrespective of their religion shall be treated equally according to a national civil code, which shall be applicable to all uniformly.
The question is straightforward, take cues from the article and discuss in detail the arguments for and against the UCC.
Discuss the constitutional provisions related to it – Part IV, Article 44 of the Constitution states that “The State shall endeavor to secure the citizen a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India”.
However, Article 37 of the Constitution itself makes it clear the DPSP “shall not be enforceable by any court”. Nevertheless, they are “fundamental in the governance of the country”.
This indicates that although our constitution itself believes that a Uniform Civil Code should be implemented in some manner, it does not make this implementation mandatory.
Discuss the challenges in implementing it.
Conclude with way ahead.