Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
Central Adverse List
What to study?
For Prelims and mains: The list, composition, need for and significance.
Context: The Centre has removed from the Central Adverse List names of few foreign nationals involved in anti-India activities.
What is Central Adverse List?
It is a list maintained by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
The list contains:
- Names of individuals who supported the Khalistan movement in 1980s and 90s but left India to take asylum in foreign countries.
- Names of those individuals who are suspected to have links with terrorist outfitsor have violated visa norms in their previous visit to India.
- Names of those persons who have indulged in criminal activities or have been accused of sexual crimes against children in their respective countries.
The list is not restricted to Punjab or the Khalistan movement.
How is it used?
Used by all Indian Missions and Consulates to stop the individuals named in it from entering India. This is done by not granting visa to such persons. It is a step taken by the Indian government to maintain internal security.
Used to keep serious offenders outside India as somebody may commit a crime in his native nation and then apply for an Indian visa to escape prosecution.
Sources: the Hindu.