Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
7) What do you understand by conscience? Discuss the different conceptions of conscience given by moral thinkers.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the concept of Conscience.
Key demand of the question:
One should brief upon the theme of conscience and different theories proposed by various moral thinkers.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Give a brief idea of conscience
Bring out the different approaches of philosophers on the concept of conscience.
Greek and Roman thought emphasized reason and knowledge in making moral decisions, a tradition beginning with Aristotle’s ideas about the development of virtuous character and wisdom through reason and practice.
Immanuel Kant also regarded critical reasoning as an important element of conscience, believing that moral truth could be evaluated objectively in light of his ‘categorical imperative.’
Also discuss the contributions of John Locke ,Sigmund Freud, St. Bonaventure and St. Aquinas etc.
Conclude with significance of the concept.