Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
4) What is ZBNF? What are the benefits and how is it better than organic farming? Elucidate. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article analyses in detail the effect of ZBNF and the effect of recent promotion of the concept in the annual Budget of the country.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss the concept of ZBNF in detail and discuss its importance to Indian agriculture system.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Define the concept in brief.
Explain what is ZBNF in detail – It involves the application of nature’s principles in farming, It practices no-till, no chemical use in farming. Alongside, dispersal of clay seed balls to propagate plants is done. Explain the key aspects of it.
Discuss the advantages it holds, benefits and in what way it is better than organic farming; with examples/case studies of some successful states.
Conclude that the dominant paradigm of chemical-based agriculture has failed and regenerative agriculture is the emerging new science.