[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 September 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) India is on the path of becoming the most populous nation of the world. In such a context discuss the consequences of the soon to be acquired distinction.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of World Population Prospects 2019 that has been recently released by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the causes and consequences in terms of the implications the booming population numbers of India will have on its future.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the highlights of the report.

Body:

Discuss the following facts in detail – 

World’s population is expected to increase by two billion people in the next 30 years, from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7 billion in 2050.

India is projected to become the most populous country by 2027 surpassing China, and host 1.64 billion people by 2050.

At the national level, achieving a reduction in fertility rates in States such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh — which are high as per Sample Registration System data — is a challenge for India as it seeks to stabilize population growth.

Explain what should be the way forward? Discuss both at global level and national level.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2) Environmental movements in the post independent India did not have pan Indian character as they were mostly outcomes of local issues. Critically Analyse.(250 words)

post-independence India by Bipin Chandra

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

Answer should explain in detail the Environmental movements in the post independent India and the reasons for its lack of pan Indian presence.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the environmental movements that started in post-independence India.

Body:

Explain first what environmental movements are.

Discuss how they were different in the past (post-independence) and how are they today.

Explain why the movements were localized? Discuss the causes and consequences.

Explain few examples – Bishnoi Movement, Chipko Movement, Appiko Movement etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with today’s times and how movements are different.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) The recent suspension of U.S.-Taliban talks has opened the space for the global community and India to reset the peace process, do you agree? Analyse and give your opinion. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in what way The suspension of U.S.-Taliban talks has opened the space for the global community and India to reset the peace process.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the recent changing dynamics with Taliban and the Afghan-India scenario with a chance for the global countries to have stakes in the peace process associated.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.  

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the withdrawal of talks by Trump.

Body:

Explain the context and situation currently being witnessed in the peace process involving Taliban.

Discuss the conditions in which such a decision was made by US.

What should be India’s role in such a scenario? Discuss India’s relations and stakes in the region.

Conclusion:

Conclude with possible future outcome as a result of withdrawal of US from the peace talks with Taliban.

 


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out oftheir design and implementation.

4) Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting a uniform civil code (UCC) for its citizenry as provided for by the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) of the Indian constitution. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

There have been various calls for a uniform civil code in the country, right since the independence. The debate involves several issues and it is important to analyze the nature of the debate, various issues involved therein etc. 

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the need for UCC in India and explain in detail the possible factors that have hindered the coming of UCC in the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write a few introductory lines about the UCC in India. E.g. the Constituent Assembly debates reveal a lack of consensus on what a potential uniform civil code would entail. While many thought the UCC would coexist alongside the personal law systems, others thought that it was to replace the personal law.

Body:

Explain briefly first the Uniform civil code and the respective constitutional provisions. Discuss the need for a UCC and how imposing a UCC will affect democracy and personal freedom.

Also discuss what should be the way ahead, what steps should be taken.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward, what should be the next step ahead.


Topic:Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, IndianDiaspora.

5) In the emerging multipolar world order, India is a natural leader in the Indian Ocean region. Comment. (250 words)

Indiatoday

The hindubusinessline

Why this question:

The Fourth Indian Ocean Conference recently took place in the Maldives, with leaders of about 40 countries participating in it.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to analyse the India’s emergence as a natural leader in the changing dynamics of the world powers.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first explain the current conditions of the multipolarness of the world.

Body:

Explain how the advent of the globalisation era had coincided with a significant geo-political development. Starting with the late ‘80s, fissures started erupting in the USSR body politic, ultimately leading to its dismemberment and collapse in the early ’90s. And then discuss how Countries world over are increasingly turning inwards as of today and all the global institutions are losing their relevance and influence over large parts of the world.

Then explain where does India stand today in the world.

Discuss the relevance of Indian Ocean Conference and changing leadership of India and its centricity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance and India’s emergence as a world leader.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:   Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6) Global Co-operation and intelligence-sharing have become quintessential to fight the new age terrorism which has global reach and sophisticated tools at its disposal. Discuss.(250 words)

Newindianexpress

Why this question:

Defense minister Rajnath Singh recently suggested that bio-terrorism is among new threats facing Armed Forces, at the Medical Services of SCO countries. He called on them to find effective ways to deal with new threats posed by advancing battle field technologies.

Key demand of the question:

The question intends to examine the changing techniques and tools of terrorism with coming of technology and rising expanse of terrorism.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain why terrorism is becoming a difficult domain to handle day by day.

Body:

First discuss what factors are making terrorism so dynamic – coming of newer technologies, newer techniques of warfare etc.

Then explain the urgency of the global community to come together to tackle the menace.

Quote examples such as that of bioterrorism and how one can handle the threats arising from it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what actions should countries across the world should take and what should be the way ahead in future.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) “In the era of information transparency must be accompanied by accountability”, discuss how far the statement is true in the context of recent Jan Soochna Portal (JSP) launched by the government of Rajasthan. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article talks about the recently launched program by the government of Rajasthan and in what way the launch of the Jan Soochna Portal in Rajasthan is a vital cog in access to the right to information.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the significance of transparency and accountability in the government systems.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the present context of the question.

Body:

Explain the salient features of Jan Soochna Portal.

Discuss the effects of the move taken upon the significance of Section 4 (2) of the Right to Information Act 2005.

Discuss the advantages of such a move.

Explain any possible concerns associated and challenges thereafter that need to be looked into.

Explain the significance in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Such a process of dialogue should be practiced in all spheres to genuinely harness the benefits of information technology. Digital divide is indeed a serious problem in India. To bridge this, care should be taken to ensure that access points are open and free.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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