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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice:11  September 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1) The low representation of women in the legislatures is a stark reminder of Patriarchy in the society. Discuss the significance of 108th Amendment bill 2008 and the challenges in passage of the bill.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is from GS paper II and aims to question the reasons for lower representation of women in Legislatures of the country.

Key demand of the question:

One must elaborate on the 108th Amendment bill 2008 and the underlying causes of its non-passage and suggest way forward.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

It is a straight forward question where you have to start from the data on Women in legislators.

Body:

Briefly discuss the reasons of low representation of women specially focusing on the social aspects of Patriarchy. Ex. Sarpanch Pati concept , low voting to women candidates , considered as weak against male candidates etc.

Discuss the features of 108th Amendment Bill 2008 i.e Representation of women in legislature and its significance. For ex, Better representation of women in legislature leads to better emphasis on social issues , less tendency to be corrupt etc.

Discuss the challenges in passage of the bill – lack of Political will, shift in power , low bargaining power of women themselves etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the importance of passage of the bill, behavioral change and women empowerment.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

2) “Iran is pivotal in realizing the idea of connecting India with Central Asia”, in the back drop of statement discuss the challenges in realizing it? What steps do you suggest as way forward?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to suggest the pivotal role played by Iran in connecting India with central Asia.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the vital role that Iran plays in building relations of India with Central Asia along with the challenges in doing so.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with a statement saying the necessity of connecting India with Central Asia through Iran.

Body:

Talk about the India’s plan on connecting India with Central Asia through Iran and Afghanistan. Mention some facts like chabahar port to Afghanistan, International north south transport corridor etc.

Discuss the challenges in realizing the above idea: for example US sanctions on Iran and cautioned other countries not to engage with Iran in trade, Enmity between Saudi Arabia and Iran etc,.

Suggest possible solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude asserting the need of friendly relations with Iran and also with other countries.


Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

3) “Conscientious dissent strengthens democracy”. Do you agree with the statement? discuss in the backdrop of recent resignations by civil servants across the country for various causes.(250 words)

Deccanherald

Why this question:

Recently Karnataka Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer Sashikant Senthil submitted his resignation quoting “fundamental building blocks of democracy were being compromised in an unprecedented manner”.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must elaborate upon the statement in the question and discuss in detail the associated concerns and issues.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the recent incidences of dissent in general.

Body:

Explain first the significance of dissent, and discuss the possible underlying causes.

Move on to highlight the significance of these coveted services – For decades, the civil services in India have enjoyed an unparalleled social standing. A share in power, job security, and the possibility of bringing about change has made the profession, particularly the IAS, one of the most coveted in the country.

Discuss the effect it may have in administration system of the country.

Suggest solutions to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the political class cannot afford to antagonize or alienate the civil servants. They may be there to execute the decisions of the political party in power, but these officers cannot be reduced to political propagandists or dummies for the government. The political class must responsibly respond to such resignations of IAS officers before they become a trend.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) What is meant by Census? Explain how the Census is carried out and why the 2021 Census will be different while discussing how the Census data collection has changed over the decades. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The next census of India to be conducted in 2021 with March 1, 2021 as the reference date, except for the states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the concept of Census; process involved therein and evaluates the transition involved in the procedure of carrying out Census.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain or define census.

Body:

Explain in detail the concept of census and its evolution.

The census provides information on size, distribution and socio-economic, demographic and other characteristics of the country’s population.

The Census gives us a clear picture of India– its demography, how they live, what they do– and are the basis on which key policies are formulated.

Explain the importance of Census 2021.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) Government is planning to replace fossil fuel dominated vehicles fleet by electric vehicles till 2030. In this context, discuss the advantages and challenges involved in achieving it.(250 words)

downtoearth

Why this question:

The article explains the future of electric cars and the switch over to the non-fossil fuel based industry od automobiles.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the shift and justify with advantages and also quote the possible challenges that would be faced.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the current policy measure being taken aggressively to switch over to electric cars in India.

Body:

Explain the recent initiatives in this direction first.

Back the initiative with the possible advantages it carries with it. 

Explain the issues and concerns involved.

Suggest solutions to address the imbalance that might get created due to this sudden transitional change.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6) How is Chandrayaan-2 different from Chandrayaan-1? Critically analyse its objectives and challenges. Also, discuss how it’s a breakthrough in the field of space research for ISRO. (250 words)

Businesstoday

 

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of recently executed Chandrayaan -2.

Key demand of the question:

One must differentiate Cahndrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-1. Discuss in detail its objectives and challenges.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the context of the question.

Body:

The question is straight forward and there isn’t much to deliberate.

Explain first the differences between the two missions and then explain the challenges faced and explain the significance of it in the field of science and technology.

Explain as well the role played by premier institutes like ISRO.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such achievements.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) Is there a connection between a person’s moral life and their quality of life? Discuss with suitable examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The theme of the question aims to examine the correlation of morality in one’s life with that of the quality of life.

Key demand of the question:

One should explain the significance of morality in one’s life and explain in what way it decides individual’s standard of living.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what morality is.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects – Ethics, or morality, is a system of principles that helps us tell right from wrong, good from bad.

This definition, by itself, tells us nothing about the standard by which we establish or measure right and wrong. 

Explain the significance of morality – 

Morality is often used by various leaders and organizations to control society. sometimes benevolently, but usually bringing about self-sacrifice and human suffering. There are, however, far more fundamental and legitimate reasons for ethics: To provide purpose and meaning to our lives by helping to define goals in our lives — and then to help guide us to achieve them.

Then move on to discuss the threats morality as a principle face in today’s world.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting importance of morality in individual’s life.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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