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4) What is meant by Census? Explain how the Census is carried out and why the 2021 Census will be different while discussing how the Census data collection has changed over the decades. (250 words)

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) What is meant by Census? Explain how the Census is carried out and why the 2021 Census will be different while discussing how the Census data collection has changed over the decades. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The next census of India to be conducted in 2021 with March 1, 2021 as the reference date, except for the states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the concept of Census; process involved therein and evaluates the transition involved in the procedure of carrying out Census.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain or define census.

Body:

Explain in detail the concept of census and its evolution.

The census provides information on size, distribution and socio-economic, demographic and other characteristics of the country’s population.

The Census gives us a clear picture of India– its demography, how they live, what they do– and are the basis on which key policies are formulated.

Explain the importance of Census 2021.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.