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National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)

Topics Covered:

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

 

National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)

 

What to study?

For Prelims: Key features of NADCP, About FMD and Brucellosis.

For Mains: Need for interventions, concerns associated and significance of such programmes.

 

Context: The government is all set to launch the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP).

Aim: To eradicate Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis in the livestock.

About National Disease Control Programme:

Objectives of the programme:

  • To Vaccinate more than 500 Million Livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD).
  • To Vaccinate 36 Million Female Bovine Calves annually in its fight against Brucellosis disease.

 

Targets:

  1. Controlling of diseases by 2025.
  2. Eradication of by 2030.

 

Funding:

100% funding from Central Government, of Rs.12,652 Crores for a period of 5 years till 2024.

 

Need:

The disease of FMD and brucellosis are common among livestock such as- cow, buffaloes, bulls, pigs, sheep and goats. Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.

  1. If a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100% which could last for4-6 months.
  2. In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.
  3. Also, the infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to farm workers and livestock owners.

 

Sources: pib.