Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)
What to study?
For Prelims: Key features of NADCP, About FMD and Brucellosis.
For Mains: Need for interventions, concerns associated and significance of such programmes.
Context: The government is all set to launch the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP).
Aim: To eradicate Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis in the livestock.
About National Disease Control Programme:
Objectives of the programme:
- To Vaccinate more than 500 Million Livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD).
- To Vaccinate 36 Million Female Bovine Calves annually in its fight against Brucellosis disease.
- Controlling of diseases by 2025.
- Eradication of by 2030.
100% funding from Central Government, of Rs.12,652 Crores for a period of 5 years till 2024.
The disease of FMD and brucellosis are common among livestock such as- cow, buffaloes, bulls, pigs, sheep and goats. Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.
- If a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100% which could last for4-6 months.
- In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.
- Also, the infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to farm workers and livestock owners.