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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice:10  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1)  Should live-in relationships be regulated by the state? And, if so, to what extent? Examine and give your opinion in the light of recent demands made by the Rajasthan State Human Rights Commission in this regard.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article explains in what way the call of Rajasthan’s human rights commission to regulate live-in relationships is problematic on many counts. Their regulation could go against the principle of free choice.

Key demand of the question:

One must examine the nuances of regulating the live-in relationship into the institution of marriage.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain in brief the context of the question. Define what live-in relationships are.

Body:

The answer must discuss the following aspects – 

What is it? – A live-in relationship gives the couple an opportunity to know the partner without having to engage into a legally binding relationship.

Explain that live-in relationships are considered a taboo in the Indian society. Although the legal status of live in relationships in India is unclear, the Supreme Court has ruled that any couple living together for a long term will be presumed as legally married unless proved otherwise.

Explain the social perspective, the belief of the younger generation, the cultural context of Marriages in India and provide a balanced opinion on the basis of fundamental rights guaranteed by the Indian constitution.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the verdicts of Apex court.


Topic:  Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2) Growing feeling of regionalism can be a real threat to India’s unity and integrity. Discuss.(250 words)

Insightsonindia

Why this question:

Question is about how if regionalism is not contained will give rise to secessionist trend affecting territorial integrity and unity in diversity.

Key demand of the question:

One must deliberate on the concept of regionalism while explaining the pros and cons with suitable illustrations.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what regionalism means in political context.

Body:

List trend of rising regionalism and factors responsible for it. Talk about how regionalism can be a threat to territorial integrity provide example of Khalistan movement. 

Write about such other movement in the country and how they are trying to break Indian federation. 

Provide benefits of regionalism such as its importance in development of underdeveloped region.

 Account on how regionalism can be contained by constitutional measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Regionalism altogether is not bad phenomena however if not prevent from proliferating it will give rise to threat


General Studies – 2


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3) Is India’s Employment Guarantee Program – MGNREGA, Successfully Challenging Her Historical Inequalities? Critically analyse. (250 words)

livemint

Why this question:

The article paints a big picture of the India’s Employment Guarantee Program – MGNREGA.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should capture the successes and challenges faced by the India’s Employment Guarantee Program – MGNREGA. And to what extent has it succeeded in achieving the set target by achieving historical inequalities.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the concept underlying MGNREGA.

Body:

Explain the genesis of MGNREGA, the objectives of it.

Then discuss to what extent has it been successful in addressing regional inequalities.

Explain the challenges that are still prevalent and pose a hurdle to the mandate of the program as of today.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done to improvise and do away with the challenges posed by the current set up of land holdings in the country.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4) Calling off of Taliban peace talks indicate greater regional stability, than in its completion. Critically comment. (250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

The recent US President Donald Trump’s shock announcement that he had called off the peace negotiations with the Taliban brings the region back to where it had started. Apart from Pakistan all other powers in the region have collectively breathed a quiet sigh of relief.

Key demand of the question:

The answer seeks to examine the effects on the Indian geopolitical scenario of the recent decision made by the US to withdraw from the Taliban peace talks.

Directive:

Critically commentWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the highlights of the issue.

Body:

Explain the following aspects – 

Since October 2018, Taliban and US have been meeting to thrash out a peace treaty. By pushing Taliban to the negotiating table, Pakistan was seen by many as a key player. Pakistan has pushed Afghani jihadis to Kashmir to foment trouble in the state.

Discuss the regional political scenario.

Explain the possible way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with possible outcome and future of the region


Topic: Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

5) To what extent can it be said the constituent assembly was a one party body? Critically Examine.(250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the GS paper II.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must show the composition of constituent assembly, key positions hold by prominent members in the committees and Their representation from different political parties.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Provide brief about constituent assembly. Provide by which plan it came in into existence. What was strength before and after partition?

Body:

Write composition of constituent assembly provide facts about representation of different parties. Quote statements of different political leaders and scholars eg Winston Churchill commented that the Constituent Assembly represented ‘only one major community in India.

Granville Austin, a British Constitutional expert, remarked: ‘The Constituent Assembly was a one-party body in an essentially one-party country. The Assembly was the Congress and the Congress was India.

Then in next paragraph defend this view by writing there was representation outside of Congress to give examples of Ambedkar, Gopalaswami Ayyangar.

Write decision taken were consensus based and not majority based.

Conclusion:

Conclude with your fair and balanced opinion.


Topic:   Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) “Internet gaming has turned worse than drugs”. Do you agree? Critically examine the statement in the light of the announcement made by World Health Organization (WHO) to include “gaming disorder” as a mental health condition. (250 words)

Reference

The hindu

Why this question:

While addiction to gaming is widely recognized, recently reported incidents associated with gaming are alarming in the country. The question aims to look into the threats it poses on the society.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the ill effects of gaming and the impact it creates on the psychology of an individual and the mental health condition in general.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is internet gaming.

Body:

First explain why WHO has classified “gaming disorder” as a mental health condition.

Explain what makes internet gaming a worst disorder?

Justify that Nearly 7% of population studied for gaming and internet addiction have exhibited depressive symptoms, somatisation and anxiety, including behavioural changes and sleep disturbances.

Explain what are the underlying causes?

What needs to be done to resolve the issue?

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions in terms of policy actions such as formalizing the disorder that would help experts across the world to conduct more research, and will help diagnose the issue at an early stage and help take necessary actions.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.

7) What do you understand by land degradation? Do you think restoration of degraded lands would also address water scarcity issue in the country? Discuss. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

In an address while hosting the COP -14 of UNCCD, prime minister Narendra Modi in his address said that this target would be achieved with an emphasis on “degraded agricultural, forest and other wastelands by adopting a landscape restoration approach.” This would also address water scarcity, enhance water recharge in forests, slow down water run-off and retain soil moisture.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain in detail clearly as to how restoration of degraded lands would also address water scarcity issue in the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the excerpts of the speech.

Body:

Explain what you understand by land degradation.

Highlight the status of India and land-use – India faces a severe problem of land degradation, or soil becoming unfit for cultivation. About 29% or about 96.4 million hectares are considered degraded.

Discuss efforts made by India to tackle the issue.

Most importantly explain how addressing land degradation issues will also address the issue of water scarcity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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