Issues related to health.
India Iodine Survey 2018- 19 report
What to study?
For Prelims: Key findings of the report- top performers, bottom performers.
For Mains: Need for and significance of iodised salt, variations across states and what needs to be done?
Context: India Iodine Survey report has been released.
- The survey was conducted by Nutrition International in collaboration with the AIIMS and the Indian Coalition for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD).
- The survey tested the iodine content in samples of cooking salt from households to estimate the coverage of iodised salt.
- Iodised salt is salt with at least 15 parts per million of iodine.
- Gujarat produces 71% of salt in the country, followed by Rajasthan at 17% and Tamil Nadu at 11%.
- 3% of Indian households consumed adequately iodised salt.
- Tamil Nadu (61.9%) has the lowest consumption of iodized salt despite being the third biggest producer of salt in the country.
- It is followed by Andhra Pradesh (63.9%), Rajasthan (65.5%), Odisha (65.8%) and Jharkhand (68.8%).
- Only 13 out of 36 States have achieved Universal Salt Iodisation or have 90% of households with access to adequately iodised salt.
- The northeastern States are doing very well with respect to iodised salt consumption at the household level because of the distance they have from the three salt producing centres — Gujarat, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
- By and large most States get their salt from Gujarat and Rajasthan.
- Salt-producing States have access to common (or non-iodised) salt and, therefore, they start consuming it since it is readily available.
Need for and significance of Iodised Salt:
- Iodine is a vital micro-nutrient for optimal mental and physical development of human beings.
- Deficiency of iodine can result in a range of disabilities and disorders such as goitre, hypothyroidism, cretinism, abortion, still births, mental retardation and psychomotor defects.
Sources: the Hindu.