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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09  September 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

1) Is sand mining illegal in India? Discuss the impacts of sand mining and suggest way forward.(250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

  1. Sasikanth Senthil, a 2009 batch Karnataka cadre IAS officer and Deputy Commissioner of Dakshina Kannada district, has resigned from the civil services; he is credited with dealing with illegal sand mining in the district of Uttara Kannada effectively.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the legalities of sand mining in India and the impact it has on ecology along with suggestions to overcome the issue.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the issue in India and its prevalence.

Body:

Explain what sand mining is – it is a practice that is becoming an environmental issue in India. Environmentalists have raised public awareness of illegal sand mining in the states of the country.

Explain the effects of unregulated sand mining.

Unregulated mining of large volumes of sand along beaches leads to their erosion. Sea beaches are usually formed by the balanced action of depositional and erosional forces.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to curb the illegal mining issue prevalent in the country and urgent need to arrest the conditions.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Primary health care is the key to the attainment of the goal of “Health for All”, in this context discuss the relevance of Alma Ata principles and elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the essence of primary health centers as key nodes in the health system of the country.

Key demand of the question:

One should discuss the importance of PHCs and the concept of the Alma Ata principles.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain that The Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of “Health for All” around the globe.

Body:

Explain in detail the following aspects – 

First explain the significance of primary health care systems and the underlying principles – Includes the interconnecting principles of equity, access, empowerment, community self-determination and inter-sectorial collaboration. Encompasses an understanding of the social, economic, cultural and political determinants of health etc.

Then highlight the importance of Alma-Ata as the Declaration of Alma-Ata, co-sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO), is a brief document that expresses “the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all the people of the world.”

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Recent legal reforms and judgments have pointed towards India as a country gradually developing into an arbitration-friendly regime. Comment on the statement in the light of recently passed the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2019.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the arbitration regime in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain need for arbitration in the country and its relevance along with recent steps in this direction.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly state the current status of arbitration and reconciliation in the country.

Body:

One has to discuss the various nuances of the arbitration and reconciliation paradigm in the country.

Discuss that the country recently passed the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2019 and the New Delhi International Arbitration Centre Bill, 2019, which are the first few firm steps in the long walk ahead of us in terms of making India an international arbitration hub. Along with this, the NITI Aayog’s ‘National Initiative towards Strengthening Arbitration and Enforcement in India’ and the central government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative, these reforms will help the country reach newer heights not only in terms of arbitration, but also in various allied business fields.

Explain the need of it and significance in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) What is International Criminal Court? Do you think the refusal of major states to come under ICC jurisdiction has weakened the objective of building a future free of violence? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is to evaluate the relevance of International Criminal Court and the problems plaguing it, especially the aspect of States refusing to come under its ambit.

Key demand of the question:

One should discuss the significance of ICC, its objectives and the issues around it.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is ICC and its objectives.

Body:

Discuss about the structure of the ICC and its membership first then move to explain the functioning of ICC and conviction of warlords- for example Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda.

Explain in detail the criticisms on ICC. For example: Targeting of African leaders, withdrawing of membership from ICC and inefficient in convicting perpetrators etc. and about refusal of Major states to come under ICC ambit and its effect on ICC objective. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with the significance of ICC and reforms needed to ensure its effective functioning.


Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

5) The Regional Comprehensive Economic partnership (RCEP) agreement has the potential to be a game changer for India. Elucidate.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

Recently RCEP grouping resolved to conclude negotiations for a free trade agreement by the year end while recognizing that growing protectionism may impact negotiating positions.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the context of the question and bring out the significance of RCEP to India and its position in global dynamics.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain in short what is RCEP and countries involved in the RCEP agreement.

Body:

Discuss the objectives and functions of RCEP first, the significance of the RCEP trade deal: For example:  RCEP is poised to become world’s largest trade deal, covers 40% world trade and 34% of worlds GDP.

Explain in detail about the advantages of RCEP to India- trade, investment and services etc.

Discuss in what way it can be a game changer to India’s stance in the global economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a positive note for joining RCEP and also suggest what needs to be done to overcome challenges posed by RCEP.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.

6) Bring out the issue of desertification in India and discuss the importance of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.(250 words)

Downtoearth

Why this question:

The article talks about the significance of research that could hold the key for global land restoration effort and that there is a need for collaboration among scientists, government and farming communities, as suggested by scientists on the sidelines of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification’s (UNCCD) 14th Conference of Parties (CoP 14) going on from September 2, 2019, until September 13.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the issue of desertification in India and discuss the importance of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the context of the question.

Body:

In brief explain what desertification is.

Then explain the role of UNCCD – It is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. It is the only convention stemming from a direct recommendation of the Rio Conference’s Agenda 21.

Explain what is the need of the hour – Responsible land governance is key to provide an enabling environment for ecosystem restoration, biodiversity protection, and land use-based adaptation and for improving the livelihoods of many small-scale farmers etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) “Mob not only threatens democracy but also is one of the greatest impediments for the civil servants to provide good governance.” Discuss. In such a context do you think the ‘citizen’ in citizen charter is a misnomer? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon 

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the importance of citizen’s charter and its relevance in the recent times where the mob violence is being seen as a direct threat to democracy.

Key demand of the question:

One should explain the recent incidences of mob violence in the country and in what way these act as impediments to the working of civil servants in bringing good governance in the country. 

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate what is mob violence.

Body:

Discuss the recent examples of mob violence in the country.

Explain how mob violence threatens democracy; For example, it creates communalism vibes as India Spend found that 86 per cent of persons killed in cow-related lynching were Muslim, and 8 per cent Dalit. , spreads hate crime, disintegrated socio-economic fabric of the society, intolerance etc.

Discuss how it is an impediment for civil servants. Like Mob is faceless, life of civil servants themselves at stake, hate speeches by politicians, social media etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggesting some way forward like the recent steps taken by Rajasthan government. also emphasize that Centre should adopt the practice too , need to inculcate tolerance and morality in people etc.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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