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Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’

Topics covered:

  1. Women related issues.
  2. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’

 

What to study?

For Prelims: BBBP.

For Mains: Declining CSR- concerns, challenges and solutions.

 

Context: WCD Minister Felicitates states and Districts Under BBBP Scheme.

 

Key facts:

  1. Haryana, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh were felicitated for improvement in Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB).
  2. Ten districts selected for improvement in SRB were also felicitated during the programme.

 

About BBBP:

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme was launched in January, 2015.

The scheme is aimed at promoting gender equality and the significance of educating girls.

The Scheme is targeted at improving the Child Sex Ratio through multi sectoral interventions including prevention of gender biased sex selection and promoting girls’ education and her holistic empowerment.

It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.

 

Significance and the need for scheme:

  1. The trend of decline in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR) has been unabated since 1961. The decline from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and further to 918 in 2011 is alarming. The social construct discrimination against girls on one hand, easy availability, affordability and subsequent misuse of diagnostic tools on the other hand, have been critical in increasing Sex Selective Elimination of girls leading to low Child Sex Ratio.
  2. Child Sex Ratiois defined as number of girls per 1000 of boys between 0-6 years of age. Hence, a decline in the CSR is a major indicator of women disempowerment. The ratio reflects both, pre-birth discrimination manifested through gender biased sex selection and post birth discrimination against girls.

 

Sources: pib.