Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
4) What are Institutions of Eminence? Discuss the benefits of Institutions of Eminence to India.(250 words)
Why this question:
On 4th September 2019, the Ministry of Human Resource Development issued orders to 5 public Universities and Letters of Intent to 5 Private Universities related to Institutions of Eminence scheme.
Key demand of the question:
The question aims to evaluate the significance of Institutions of Eminence and the benefits of it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain what are Institutions of Eminence.
Explain the following –
The Ministry of Human Resource Development has issued orders to 5 public Universities conveying their declaration as Institutions of Eminence (IoE). These are IIT Madras, Banaras Hindu University, IIT Kharagpur, University of Delhi and University of Hyderabad.
In addition, Letters of Intent were issued to 5 Private Universities for accepting and sending their preparedness for being declared as Institutions of Eminence.
Benefits of Institutions of Eminence:
- Government Institutions to get additional funding upto 1000 Crore.
- The selected Institutions under IoE shall have complete academic, administrative and financial autonomy.
- Academic collaborations with foreign higher educational institutions (in top 500) would be exempt from government approvals; Freedom to recruit faculty from outside India (limit of 25% of its faculty strength for public institution).
- Freedom to admit additionally foreign students on merit subject to a maximum of 30% of the strength of admitted domestic students. Freedom to fix and charge fees from foreign students without restriction.
- Freedom to have own transparent merit based system for admission of students.
- Flexibility in fixing of curriculum and syllabus, with no UGC mandated curriculum structure.
- Freedom to offer online courses as part of their programs with a restriction that not more than 20% of the programme should be in online mode.
- UGC Inspection shall not apply to Institutions of Eminence.
Conclude by reiterating its benefits to the education system of the country.