Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
2) According to Global Gender Gap Report 2018, India ranks one of the worst in Gender wage disparity. Discuss the reasons and remedy. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question aims to discuss the findings of global gender gap report 2018.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss the alarming issue of gender wage disparity in the country.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Highlight the issue of gender wage gap by giving data of WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report Rank of India is 108th.
First state the reasons for gender wage gap in India. For eg. Legal restrictions, patriarchal attitude, biased human capital model, workplace insecurity, , inadequate travel and transport facilities, Societal perception of women who work long hours, lack of crèches facility at workplace etc.
In next part discuss what impact it is having on the development of country. For e.g. Impact on GDP of country, increasing gender disparity, low female labor force participation rate, financial dependence, etc.
In third part, discuss remedies to address the same. Formalization of Workforce to create better job opportunities for women and streamlining labor laws.
Skill Development. Mandating parental leave rather than maternal leave will help women to reintegrate into the workforce after childbearing and allowing men to take on the responsibility of parenthood. Gender sensitization.
Conclude by some of the constitutional provisions and laws regarding gender wage equality. For e.g. DPSP, Equal remuneration act, Maternity benefits act, etc. SP, Equal remuneration act ,Maternity benefit act, etc.