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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Was the Vesara Style of Architecture simple a confluence of Nagara style and Dravida style or did it have its own unique features? Analyse.(250 words)

NCERT – art and culture

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS I .

Key demand of the question:

The question asks the detailed analysis regarding the Vesara style of architectures of Chalukyas of Badami in respect to the confluence of Nagara style and Dravida style.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly introduce Vesara Style and how it was a mix of both Nagara Style and Dravida Style.

Body:

First part of the body should talk about the common features of both Vesara and Nagar style.

The next part should focus about the common features of Vesara and Dravida style.

The last part should clearly highlight the features which were Unique to Vesara style and not found in either Nagara Style or Dravida Style.

Conclusion:

The conclusion stress on the fact that though Vesara has many commonalities with Nagara and Dravida style there were few features unique to it.


Topic:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

2)  Though in theory, the Ryotwari settlement was supposed to prove better than the permanent settlement, in practice its impact was far worse. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Modern history by spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

The question seeks to know the drawbacks of the Ryotwari settlement which was disastrous in its implementation while it was originally designed to counter the deficiencies of Zamindari settlement.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The introduction must highlight the circumstances that led to the introduction of Ryotwari which was supposed to be better than the Zamindari system.

Body:

The body should clearly highlight how the Ryotwari Settlement seemed fair and practical on paper but the devil was in its implementation.

All the drawbacks of the settlement must be clearly stated with supporting data. The impact it caused upon peasants in areas it was introduced must also written. The flaw in the logic and its implementation must be brought out. The Ryotwari vis-a-vis zamindari must also be explored.

For representation purpose, draw maps highlighting regions where zamindari and Ryotwari was introduced in India.

Conclusion:

The conclusion must bring out the steps taken by the government to improve the conditions of the Ryotwari areas.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3) After a year’s time of Supreme Court judgment decriminalising article 377, that asserted itself to be “historic” verdict granting them a basic human right, acknowledging complete equality however still remains a distant dream. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article discusses the significance of verdict of article 377 and the effects it has been making in the society for the community and the challenges still prevalent.

Key demand of the question:

One must analyse the impact of the verdict and the success it has been able to achieve in the past one year of its coming into action.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the historical verdict that came into force with respect to decriminalizing article 377.

Body:

Explain that It’s been a year since the Supreme Court read down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code but still the battle for civil rights lies ahead for the community.

Discuss the challenges being faced by the community despite recognition bestowed upon them by the SC judgment.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done to ensure equity.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4) In view of the emergence of China as a superpower, the Indo-Pacific region has turned into a theatre of conflicting interests. Analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is amidst the current conditions of China emerging as superpower and the associated changes in the Indo-Pacific’s geopolitics.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the relevance and impact of Quadrilateral Security Dialogue between U.S., Japan, India and Australia has not made any progress towards the stated objective of securing the Indo-Pacific. And in what way the emergence of China as superpower will have an impact over it.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the current conditions of geopolitics in the region.

Body:

Explain the relationship between the actors in the Indo-Pacific theatre.

Discuss the changing relations of Russia and India amidst emerging China, explain in what way it will have impact on the world power equation.

Also explain the relevance of Asia pivot policy of US and in what way it can add to the dynamics of the region.

Conclusion:

Conclude with possible consequences of such dynamics in the region and the effect it will have on India.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5) What do you understand by space tourism? Discuss its origin and explain what can the space tourist look forward to and the benefits of future of flying tourists into space.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is in the context of recent endeavors made by the Indian space agency and thus the need to analyse the potential it holds in coming future.

Key demand of the question:

One needs to discuss the concept of space tourism and the potential it holds.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Space tourism is human space travel for recreational purposes.

Body:

With India’s latest lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 set to boldly go where no country has gone before, the Moon’s south polar region, it is on course to throw open new possibilities for the world.

Then discuss the summary of the main driver, opportunities, challenges, current market trends and strategies impacting the global Space Tourism market.

Discuss the role of private sector companies, how they have evolved over the years.

Conclusion:

Conclude with potential holds in the industry and the avenues in the coming future.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

6) Coming together of global powers is vital for the design of policies against climate change. Discuss in the context of Brazil’s initial refusal of international support in the Amazon fire crisis.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article captures the current ongoing environmental crisis that the South American countries are facing owing to alarming Amazon forest fires.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the necessity of collective responsibility of global powers in handling such threats to the mother nature through collective policies against climate change.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the current scenario.

Body:

Explain in brief the issue of forest fires and the gravity of the situation – areas affected by the calamity, what are the causes of concern.

Explain How the government of Brazil  has dealt with the crisis?- issues involved therein. – President Jair Bolsonaro has made things a lot worse by weakening the environment agency, attacking conservation NGOs and promoting the opening of the Amazon to mining, farming and logging.

The agricultural lobby is powerful in Brazil and it has steadily eroded the protection system that was so successful from 2005-2014. Deforestation crept up in the past five years under the previous presidents Dilma Rousseff and Michel Temer. The rate has accelerated rapidly in the first eight months of  current president Bolsonaro’s rule.

Then discuss the need for collective global policy and urgent need of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

7) “An effective implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights Act) of 2006 is an opportunity for India to demonstrate a model of conservation where historic missteps are addressed while being strategic about the commitments to climate and biodiversity action”. Comment.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article discusses the implementation of Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights Act) of 2006 with respect to the environmental concerns.

Key demand of the question:

One 

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the provisions of the act.

Body:

Discussion should be based on the fact that while it is true that human activity has resulted in unprecedented environmental destruction as well as the extinction of species, there is also evidence of alternative paradigms where community-led forest conservation initiatives have been successful in preventing the over-exploitation of natural resources.

Take hints from the article and explain the challenges involved.

Suggest what measures are needed to be taken to handle the challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude  with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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