Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
6) Coming together of global powers is vital for the design of policies against climate change. Discuss in the context of Brazil’s initial refusal of international support in the Amazon fire crisis.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article captures the current ongoing environmental crisis that the South American countries are facing owing to alarming Amazon forest fires.
Key demand of the question:
One must bring out the necessity of collective responsibility of global powers in handling such threats to the mother nature through collective policies against climate change.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the current scenario.
Explain in brief the issue of forest fires and the gravity of the situation – areas affected by the calamity, what are the causes of concern.
Explain How the government of Brazil has dealt with the crisis?- issues involved therein. – President Jair Bolsonaro has made things a lot worse by weakening the environment agency, attacking conservation NGOs and promoting the opening of the Amazon to mining, farming and logging.
The agricultural lobby is powerful in Brazil and it has steadily eroded the protection system that was so successful from 2005-2014. Deforestation crept up in the past five years under the previous presidents Dilma Rousseff and Michel Temer. The rate has accelerated rapidly in the first eight months of current president Bolsonaro’s rule.
Then discuss the need for collective global policy and urgent need of it.
Conclude with way forward.