Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
2) Though in theory, the Ryotwari settlement was supposed to prove better than the permanent settlement, in practice its impact was far worse. Critically analyse.(250 words)
Modern history by spectrum publications
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.
Key demand of the question:
The question seeks to know the drawbacks of the Ryotwari settlement which was disastrous in its implementation while it was originally designed to counter the deficiencies of Zamindari settlement.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
The introduction must highlight the circumstances that led to the introduction of Ryotwari which was supposed to be better than the Zamindari system.
The body should clearly highlight how the Ryotwari Settlement seemed fair and practical on paper but the devil was in its implementation.
All the drawbacks of the settlement must be clearly stated with supporting data. The impact it caused upon peasants in areas it was introduced must also written. The flaw in the logic and its implementation must be brought out. The Ryotwari vis-a-vis zamindari must also be explored.
For representation purpose, draw maps highlighting regions where zamindari and Ryotwari was introduced in India.
The conclusion must bring out the steps taken by the government to improve the conditions of the Ryotwari areas.