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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) Discuss the accomplishments and failures of Non-cooperation movement of 1920. Also elaborate upon its impact on the subsequent freedom movements in pre-independence India.(250 words)

 Indian modern history by Spectrum publications / Bipin Chandra

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse the Non-cooperation movement of 1920 of India in detail.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short start by explaining the significance that Non-cooperation movement of 1920 holds in the freedom struggle of India.

Body:

Describe the Non-cooperation movement in detail first – At the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress the programme of Non-cooperation was endorsed. An important change made was, until now Congress sought to attain self-government through constitutional means as its goal. In Nagpur session the Congress decided to have the attainment of Swaraj through peaceful and legitimate means, thus committing itself to an extra constitutional mass struggle. Gandhi declared that if the non-cooperation programme was implemented completely, Swaraj would be ushered in within a year.

State its achievements and failures and comment on the impact it made upon the consequent freedom movements.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the significance it holds in the history of freedom movement of the country.


Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2) Falling fertility rate will have a direct impact on the child sex ratio in India irrespective of the methods of population control. elucidate.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the effects of population control policies on the child sex ratio of the country. 

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse in detail the correlation of population control measures that result into declining of fertility rate with that of child sex ratio in the country. And discuss the possible effects and consequences it can have.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the recent call out made by the prime minister on the independence day eve for population control measures and efforts.

Body:

Explain what the correlation is; define fertility rate, child sex ratio and their correlation.

Discuss in what way irrespective of the policy that bases the population control the effect on skewing the child sex ratio is inevitable and must be dealt with greater concern.

Discuss what can possibly be done to address the issues arising out of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with fair and balanced opinion and suggest a way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) After more than 70 years of Independence, India is still in a position where there is only 1 doctor per 1,700 Indians, far less than the WHO standard of 1 per 1000 people. Critically analyse the statement in light of recently introduced National Medical Commission Bill which seeks to replace the Medical Council of India Act, 1956.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article highlights the sad picture of the medical health system in the country and in what way it has been failing to cater the population owing to certain specific issues.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the conditions of health system vis-à-vis medical treatment available in the country. The answer must in detail explain in what way centralized self-regulation of health in the country has resulted in power and the practice of medicine being concentrated in the hands of a certified few.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief state the health system vs. medical facilities available in the country.

Body:

First explain the issue Indian health system is facing in detail in terms of number of medical practitioners serving the country.

Then discuss the concerns and problems associated that have led to such a situation.

Suggest what needs to be done to resolve these issues? Highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the recently proposed National Medical Commission Bill.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting possible solutions to address the issue.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4) The India-Pakistan face-off on bilateral trade can result into more repercussions than intended, with border economies the worst hit. Do you agree? Discuss the consequences.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the ongoing trade-off between India and Pakistan post abrogation of Article 370 by the government of India.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the issue in detail, provide for the nuances of the burning issues between India and Pakistan with special focus on trade.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the recent trade issues between the two countries and the hostilities associated.

Body:

First discuss the nature of trade across the borders of India and Pakistan.

Discuss the bilateral trade factor.’

Elucidate upon the factor of border economies.

Explain that In the spirit of nationalism, the trade fraternity on both sides, by and large, has stood by their respective governments. But locals in border economies on both sides have mouths to feed, which calls for a solution. 

Suggest what are the possible alternative sources of livelihood that can be generated to keep border economies afloat?

Conclusion:

Conclude with possible solutions and way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) Does the pay-out of ₹1.76 lakh crore to the union government damage the credibility of the Reserve Bank of India as an independent central bank? Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is amidst the recent controversies of payout of ₹1.76 lakh crore to the government by the RBI in accordance with the recommendations of Bimal Jalan committee.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must address as to in what way the move somewhere has made the RBI lose its credibility yet once again.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the recent happenings between RBI and the government.

Body:

Explain What is the issue around RBI payouts this cycle of the year, why and in what way is it different. What is the controversy around the transfer? Explain how RBI earns money in a variety of ways.

Then discuss in what way such move has diluted the powers of RBI.

Conclusion:

Conclude with positives and negatives of the move.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6) Where does India stand on plastic waste management today? Discuss the solutions and alternatives to the plastic menace of India.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the issue of plastic menace India is dealing with.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the current state of plastic waste management in India and the urgency to tackle them. Discussion should capture the way forward to handle the issue and suggest solutions and alternatives.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote facts to suggest the plastic menace the world is dealing with.

Body:

Explain in detail the issue of plastic in India, where does India stand today in terms of managing the waste produced by use of plastic.

Discuss various initiatives and policies taken by the govt. recently to tackle the issue.

What more can be done to addres.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) “Psychological arousal of the masses to sudden stimulus created by public causes of corruption, violence against women etc. have something related to social and political attitudes of masses.” Elucidate with suitable examples.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of political and social attitudes of the masses.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss and analyse in what way the social and political attitudes of the masses are characterized or influenced by the sudden stimulus.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

One can start by quoting examples of recent incidences of public unrest in the wake of issues such as corruption, violence against women or children etc.

Body:

Explain first what social and political attitudes of the masses are.

How are these attitudes shaped? What are the factors responsible?

Discuss few recent incidences ranging from the reservation issue, anti-corruption movements etc.

Suggest in what way these issues can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude  with suggestions to overcome these challenges associated with attitudes and signify the importance of attitude in personal and public life.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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