Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
3) After more than 70 years of Independence, India is still in a position where there is only 1 doctor per 1,700 Indians, far less than the WHO standard of 1 per 1000 people. Critically analyse the statement in light of recently introduced National Medical Commission Bill which seeks to replace the Medical Council of India Act, 1956.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights the sad picture of the medical health system in the country and in what way it has been failing to cater the population owing to certain specific issues.
Key demand of the question:
Answer must discuss the conditions of health system vis-à-vis medical treatment available in the country. The answer must in detail explain in what way centralized self-regulation of health in the country has resulted in power and the practice of medicine being concentrated in the hands of a certified few.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In brief state the health system vs. medical facilities available in the country.
First explain the issue Indian health system is facing in detail in terms of number of medical practitioners serving the country.
Then discuss the concerns and problems associated that have led to such a situation.
Suggest what needs to be done to resolve these issues? Highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the recently proposed National Medical Commission Bill.
Conclude by suggesting possible solutions to address the issue.