Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
1) Discuss the accomplishments and failures of Non-cooperation movement of 1920. Also elaborate upon its impact on the subsequent freedom movements in pre-independence India.(250 words)
Indian modern history by Spectrum publications / Bipin Chandra
Why this question:
The question is straightforward from the static portions of GS paper I.
Key demand of the question:
One has to analyse the Non-cooperation movement of 1920 of India in detail.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In short start by explaining the significance that Non-cooperation movement of 1920 holds in the freedom struggle of India.
Describe the Non-cooperation movement in detail first – At the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress the programme of Non-cooperation was endorsed. An important change made was, until now Congress sought to attain self-government through constitutional means as its goal. In Nagpur session the Congress decided to have the attainment of Swaraj through peaceful and legitimate means, thus committing itself to an extra constitutional mass struggle. Gandhi declared that if the non-cooperation programme was implemented completely, Swaraj would be ushered in within a year.
State its achievements and failures and comment on the impact it made upon the consequent freedom movements.
Conclude by highlighting the significance it holds in the history of freedom movement of the country.