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6) The cases of Diphtheria are on the rise, what does it mean for India? Discuss the causes and consequences of it.(250 words)

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

6) The cases of Diphtheria are on the rise, what does it mean for India? Discuss the causes and consequences of it.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Up to 25 medical students at the Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences (GIMS) in Kalaburagi district in Karnataka have contracted the vaccine-preventable disease, diphtheria. Thus necessary to understand the scenario from the exam point of view.

Key demand of the question:

One must analyse the causes and consequences of the rising number of incidences of the disease in the country and explain what needs to be done to overcome and eradicate the disease completely.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define Diphtheria and highlight the incidences of it in India.

Body:

Explain that Diphtheria is an acute bacterial infection of respiratory system which can cause mild to severe illness. 

Discuss that a disease which has disappeared from most of the world and one for which India introduced a vaccine as a part of routine immunization as early as 1978 – in the national capital so far. The resurgence across the country shows that the vaccination is not reaching everyone.

Explain the possible causes that have led to rise in the numbers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done to overcome the epidemic of Diptheria.