Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
5) Deep Ocean mining for rare minerals still remains an untapped sector in India; in such a context discuss the relevance of project Samudrayaan and its significance.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question intends to examine the prospects of rare minerals from deep ocean and the significance of Samudrayaan.
Key demand of the question:
One should discuss in detail the relevance of Samudrayaan project and potential of deep ocean mining to India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain what rare earth minerals are.
First state the context – The ‘Samudrayaan’ is a part of the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ pilot project for deep ocean mining for rare minerals. The project proposes to send a submersible vehicle with three persons to a depth of about 6000 meters to carry out deep underwater studies.
Explain what can be the positive consequences of such initiatives, why is it so significant to the Indian economy.
Conclude with importance of Marine studies and exploration to Indian economy.