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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Role of women.

1) On one hand where women Goddesses are worshipped, the very women are denied identity, status and independence in India, discuss the root cause of such a paradox and suggest what needs to be done.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the context of recognition and role given to woman in the Indian society.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the status of women in Indian society.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the context of the question.

Body:

One has to discuss the causes for such a paradox witnessed in the country.

Explain then what needs to be done to overcome the challenge?

Suggest solutions – short term and long term to address the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the Indian society is doing much progress on this front despite deep societal prejudices of the past and that situations are changing.


Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2) Wealth of Indian linguistic culture lies outside the purview of what is recognised as official language, in the backdrop of the statement analyse the linguistic diversity and richness in the country.(250 words)

NCERT – Indian society

Why this question:

The question is about the significance of linguistic diversity that India has and the richness of it.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the linguistic diversity of India.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief write up on what you understand by linguistic diversity in Indian context.

Body:

Explain that in India, there are more than 200 languages, being spoken by different groups. There exists ‘linguistic pluralism’ in India, which is a state of ‘mutual existence’ of several languages in a contiguous space. 

Discuss the factors responsible for diversity in the languages.

Explain the relevance of official languages.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to preserve such rich heritage of the country.


Topic:  population and associated issues, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Migrants are often blamed to be depriving locals of their rights and opportunities, how far is it justified? Explain and suggest measures for establishing a concordant relationship between migrants and locals with suitable illustrations.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is premised on the ongoing issue of NRC in Assam and the treatment meted out to the migrants.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the issue of immigrants in the country and the concerns associated thereafter and what needs to be done to overcome the same.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the case of immigrants in the context of India.

Body:

Explain that Citizenship in India has been subjected to many upheavals recently. NCR exercise and the proposed decision to deport all immigrants have been at the core of this controversy along with the discussion around the recent scrapping of Article 35. 

Quote examples such as – mention the problems associated with the exercise to demarcate legal and illegal immigrants- like the problems of exclusion as seen in the Assam NRC exercise; some illegal immigrants would be difficult if not impossible to deport- like the Tamilians from the Sri Lanka; Gorkhas and Lepchas from Nepal; India has no agreement with nearby governments for large-scale deportation etc.

Explain that the issue of deportation of all immigrants is not a feasible and recommended solution.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting steps necessary to deal with the issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4) Viewing the transnational challenge of climate change through the narrow lens of nationalism will only spell more disasters. Critically analyze. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article is premised on the recent incidences of Amazon forest fires and it explains in detail in what way climate change is a transnational challenge and that narrow lens of nationalism will only lead to more grave concerns.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the pan- global nature of the climate change and in what way it needs to be handled with cumulative efforts of the world countries and isolated, nationalistic tendencies will only hamper and aggravate the climate change issue.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the issue of climate change.

Body:

Explain in what way the election of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil not only marks the rise of another populist nationalist leader on the world stage. It’s also a turning point for the global politics of climate change.

Discuss that Mitigation policies require leaders to expend short-term political capital for long-term economic and environmental gains. However, populists have shown a particularly strong disinterest for doing so, particularly if those short-term costs would affect their prioritized group of the people.

Explain with example the entire issue and what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

5) “The Indian Media must now introspect and develop a sense of responsibility and maturity”. Discuss the statement in the context of need of media regulation.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of role of media in India.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the responsibilities that media carry and in what way they are accountable. Discuss the issues concerning the same and suggest what needs to be done.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate background of the question.

Body:

First explain the genesis of Media in Indian history, its development towards maturity.

Then explain why the media needs to be more responsible and accountable? Discuss the major defects in the Indian media.

Suggest ways by which it can be overcome.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance and need to have checks and balances.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

6) Do you think the government must create a GST-type council for agriculture reforms and realize the implementation of agri-marketing reforms and to transfer agri-input subsidies directly to beneficiaries’ accounts through Aadhaar? Discuss.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article highlights agrarian reforms taken forward by the late parliamentarian Sri Arun Jaitley and brings out the need for GST –type council for agriculture reforms in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate what are agriculture reforms? Why is there a dire need of them in the country.

Body:

Discuss the various agrarian reforms brought in ranging from subsidies to direct cash transfer.

Explain in what way agri-policies impact Indian farmers, agriculture, food security, natural resources, especially water and soil, etc.

Discuss that Indian agricultural policies have an inherent consumer bias, and that input subsidies related to fertilisers, power, irrigation, interest subvention, etc do not promote efficiency in their use. Instead, they are creating several environmental problems like groundwater depletion.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) Teachers are the bedrock of the education system and are expected to be co-creators of knowledge, education and reforms. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article highlights the key role played by teachers in the society as 5th September is fast approaching and that it holds great significance.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the role played by teachers in the education system.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the significance of 5th September and its coming.

Body:

Explain that Several changes that have taken place in the world have changed the roles of teachers too. Teachers are expected to be co-creators of knowledge, educators and reformers too.

Then discuss their role specifically – As co-creators of knowledge, As educators, As reform leaders.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the nobility of teachers as a profession.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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