Topic:Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
4) Viewing the transnational challenge of climate change through the narrow lens of nationalism will only spell more disasters. Critically analyze. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article is premised on the recent incidences of Amazon forest fires and it explains in detail in what way climate change is a transnational challenge and that narrow lens of nationalism will only lead to more grave concerns.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the pan- global nature of the climate change and in what way it needs to be handled with cumulative efforts of the world countries and isolated, nationalistic tendencies will only hamper and aggravate the climate change issue.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In brief narrate the issue of climate change.
Explain in what way the election of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil not only marks the rise of another populist nationalist leader on the world stage. It’s also a turning point for the global politics of climate change.
Discuss that Mitigation policies require leaders to expend short-term political capital for long-term economic and environmental gains. However, populists have shown a particularly strong disinterest for doing so, particularly if those short-term costs would affect their prioritized group of the people.
Explain with example the entire issue and what needs to be done.
Conclude with way forward.