Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2) Should States have their own flags in India? Discuss the key provisions of Flag Code of India, 2002 and justify your opinion if possibilities of having a state flag would amount to the threat of national integrity. (250 words)
Why this question:
In March 2018, the government of former Chief Minister Siddaramaiah had unveiled the proposed official state flag for Karnataka, and sent it to the central government for approval, with a request to include it in the Schedule of the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1950. Recently the issue is back in fore with the incumbent govt. not willing to pursue the fact further.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the Questions of nationalism and sub nationalism in separate Kannada flag.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief narrate the background of the issue.
Explain that the only state in India so far to have a separate state official flag was Jammu and Kashmir, which enjoyed special status under Article 370 of Indian constitution.
Discuss the provisions in this context in the constitution – Supreme Court said that here is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag. However, the manner in which the state flag is hoisted should not dishonor the national flag.
Under the Constitution, a flag is not enumerated in the Seventh Schedule. However, Article 51A rules that every citizen shall abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the national flag, and the national anthem.
Then explain in what way assertion of regional identity has always been a tricky issue in a country as diverse as India.
Conclude that there should be clear rule that flag of state cannot be a substitute of national flag and it should be smaller and fly lower. People against state flags say that the tricolor binds India together and any move to allow states to have flags would reduce the standing of the national flag. Allowing one state to have its own flag could trigger demands from other states too.