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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance
and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to
Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture,
Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1) India needs a comprehensive law to deal with ‘honor killing’. Critically Examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question must discuss the social evil of honor killing and need for comprehensive law to tackle the same.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the need for comprehensive law for honor killing.

Directive:

 Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain in brief honor killing as a social evil in the country.

Body:

Explain that In India, honor killings take place if a couple marries outside their caste or religion.  Khap panchayats also oppose and mete out punishments to couples who marry within the same gotra (lineage) or transgress other societal norms.

The Supreme Court, in 2006, ruled that, “Inter-caste marriages are in fact in the national interest as they will result in destroying the caste system.”

Explain that We have the law, but unfortunately, the system doesn’t function properly. We need a special law that specifies what needs to be looked at during the investigation and prosecution of an honour killing case and that it is not tried broadly as a murder. There need to be detailed examinations, the forensic evidence needs to be collected keeping the motive of honour killing in mind and so on. They need to check what preceded the murder.

Discuss then the need for laws in place to tackle with such evils.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for urgency of stringent laws to handle honor killing in the country.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Educational reforms require teachers to play a central role in the country, do you agree? Discuss in the backdrop of recently implemented National education policy.(250 words)

livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the pivotal role played by teachers in education system.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the role of teacher central to education system in the country and in what way NEP also envisages the same.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief talk about the numbers, statistics of teachers to pupil ratio etc. to substantiate the question statement.

Body:

Explain that the principle that education needs efficient teachers must manifest itself in every policy action.

Comment on why teachers are central to the education system?

Discuss that the NEP gives the teacher the importance that she or he deserves in education. One key underlying principle of the policy is that education is a social-human process and, therefore, good education requires high-capacity, engaged teachers.

Explain the various factors involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the theme.


Topic: Women empowerment, gender issues, Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3) “To ensure genuine gender equality, we need a fundamental reform of beliefs upheld by the institutions of family and faith “, analyse. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses the root cause of gender inequality in the world.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the root causes of gender inequality.

Directive:

 analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief bring out the context of the question statement.

Body:

Explain why women are still being treated as unequal to men, discussion should suggest the causes for such disparity and its existence even today, to ensure genuine gender equality, we need a fundamental reform of beliefs upheld by the institutions of family and faith.

According to the World Employment and Social Outlook Trends for Women 2018 report, more women than ever before are both educated and participating in the labour market today. Even as opportunities for people without a college education shrink, men’s rates of graduation remain relatively stagnant, while women across socioeconomic classes are increasingly enrolling for and completing post-secondary degrees.

Explain why is it that women are still not accepted as equals although so many women are educated and entering the work force in larger numbers? What are the significant forces that hinder our progress towards gender parity?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4) Discuss the issue of child well- being in India, what are the challenges faced by the children and list down measures to ensure their well- being.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry topped the charts in the child well-being index, a tool designed to measure and tracks children’s well-being comprehensively.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the issue of child well- being in India and suggest suitable measures that need to be taken.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining that in India recently child well-being index has been released by the non-government organization World Vision India and research institute IFMR LEAD.

Body:

Explain what is child well-being.

In terms of health, it has to be ensured that the child is taken care of in the first 1,000 days of life. Stunting is a big issue in India and this is linked to poor sanitation and lack of safe water.

States should look at their respective scores on the dimensions of child well-being, and prepare for priority areas of intervention with specific plans of action.

This should also trigger policy level changes, seek better budgetary allocations and initiate discussions with all stakeholders, which can help in enhancing the quality of life of all children in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. . Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5) Discuss the key features of e-commerce presently witnessed in India, in what way do you think e-commerce 2.0 could significantly expand India’s online market and make it truly inclusive?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article captures a discussion on e-commerce 2.0 and its significance.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the coming of more and more people in terms of mobile usage and in what way it could significantly impact India’s online market and make it inclusive.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief state facts to justify the rising online presence of the people online.

Body:

Explain that by 2022, half a billion Indians are expected to come online through their mobile phones, a population we refer to as India’s Next Half Billion (NHB). Their internet journey starts with them gaining internet access, then moving forward step by step to eventually making commercial transactions online.

Briefly discuss the coming of e-commerce in the country, differentiate how e-commerce 1.0 is different from the upcoming e-commerce 2.0.

Discuss the role played by it in expanding the Indian online markets.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

6) Explain any four generally accepted probity principles that serve to maintain the integrity of the process.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question aims to discuss the probity principles that serve to maintain the integrity of the process.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail any four principles of probity.

Directive:

 Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is probity.

Body:

Explain that Probity is the evidence of ethical behaviour in a particular process. The term probity means integrity, uprightness and honesty. For Government employees and agencies, maintaining probity involves more than simply avoiding corrupt or dishonest conduct. It involves applying public sector values such as impartiality, accountability and transparency.

Explain principles – 

Accountability: It is the obligation to be able to explain or account for the way

duties have been performed. Government should have appropriate

mechanisms in place to show that they are accountable for their practices and

decisions.

Transparency: It is important that the process is transparent to the maximum

extent possible so that all stakeholders can have confidence in the outcomes.

Transparent, open processes also minimize the opportunity for, and the risk

of, fraud and corruption.

Confidentiality: As a condition of employment, all public servants are under a

general obligation of confidentiality to their employer. All Government

advisors, members and any other third party that is privy to commercially sensitive information must provide a formal undertaking to Government that

they will keep this information confidential.

Management of Conflicts of Interest: A conflict of interest arises where an

individual associated with the process is, through their particular associations

or circumstances, influenced, or perceived to be influenced, to obtain an

unfair advantage for him or herself or another party.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of probity in general.


Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) What are professional codes of ethics? Discuss the relevance of it in public services. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of professional code of ethics and its relevance to public services.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the significance of professional code of ethics.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what are ethics.

Body:

code of ethics and professional conduct outlines the ethical principles that govern decisions and behavior at a company or organization. 

They give general outlines of how employees should behave, as well as specific guidance for handling issues like harassment, safety, and conflicts of interest.

Use suitable examples and justify in what way ethics are significant to the professional aspects even in civil services for that matter.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of holding onto professional ethics.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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