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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems;
ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules,
regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical
governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues
in international relations and funding; corporate governance.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) There is no shortcut to right-sizing a country’s population. And coercive laws can sometimes be counter-productive, leading to age composition imbalance. Critically examine the statement in the context of population control scenario in the country.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article states that there is no doubt India has a population problem, but any strategy to change fertility rates should be carefully thought.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the need to balance population control policies that are coercive and in what way such policies can become counterproductive.

Directive:

 Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the context of the question.

Body:

Explain that Though India’s family planning programme is one of the oldest in the world (dating back to 1951), the forced sterilization campaign of the mid-1970s ensured any mention of “population” would take a backseat, at least at the national level. That 40-year spell was broken on 15 August when Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged the challenge of “population explosion” -keeping family size small is an act of patriotism.

Then explain the possible negative consequences.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward. 

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

2) Complete penetration of clean cooking fuel and cookstoves in rural India requires more of a behavioural and attitudinal change rather than policies that promote clean cooking alone. Critically examine in the light of successes achieved by Ujjwala scheme in comparison to the past efforts in this direction. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article emphasizes on the fact that Complete penetration of clean cooking fuel and cookstoves in rural India requires a multi-pronged approach.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the significance of behavioural and attitudinal change required to bring change in cooking fuel methods in the rural pockets of the country.

Directive:

 Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the background of the scenario.

Body:

Explain first the need of getting rid of conventional cooking methods, necessity of clean cooking fuel methods.

What are the multiple factors that affect clean cooking choices?

Explain how the policies have evolved over time in terms of addressing the issue.

Discuss the significance of Ujjwala scheme and in what way it addresses the behavioral and attitudinal aspects.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) “The creation of union territories is an expression of India’s geography”, Discuss in the light of recent creation of the union territory of Ladakh and J&K.(250 words)

Indiatoday

Why this question:

The question is amidst the recent state of affairs being witnessed in the erstwhile state of J&K which has been bifurcated into two UTs.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the relevance and context of Indian geography and the formation of UTs.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short discuss about the UTs in India.

Body:

Explain in short, the reasons for which the union territories came into existence in India. 

Explain the reasons behind the creation of each union territory

evaluate how it helped in geographical continuity and state in what way they are an Expression of India’s geography. Discuss the impact of having UTs in general on various aspects of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4) Discuss the recent amendments made to the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019 and analyse why and how the effective operation of the POCSO Act needs the support of all the stake holders.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to evaluate the effects of recent changes brought in the POCSO bill 2019 and the effects it has on rights of children.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the recent key amendments in the POCSO act.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the importance of POCSO  in general with respect to protection of child rights.

Body:

Explain the key changes brought in recently in the POCSO act like The POCSO (Amendment) Bill will make punishment more stringent for committing sexual crimes against children including the death penalty.

The amendments also provide for levy of fines and imprisonment to curb child pornography. The amendment is aimed to establish clarity regarding the aspects of child abuse and punishment.

Explain that the modification is made to address the need for stringent measures required to deter the rising trend of child sex abuse in the country on one hand and to address the menace of relatively new kind of crimes on the other hand.

Conclusion:

Conclude with appreciation of the amendments.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

5) “Collective responsibility is a myth in the Indian cabinet system”. Elucidate.(250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of recent tussle in the appointment of Karnataka cabinet system. Likewise historically many states and even the central cabinet has witnessed the issue of collective responsibility.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the

Directive:

 ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First explain what you understand by cabinet system.

Body:

Discuss first the significance of cabinet system and what you understand by collective responsibility.

Discuss the provisions related to the collective responsibility in the constitution of India.

Explain the impact of the lacunae to not manifest collective responsibility in the cabinet.

Suggest solutions to overcome.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the quality of administration is largely conditioned by the leadership and direction provided by Ministers thus it is important to foster the collective responsibility in true sense.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6) Who in your opinion is a good civil servant? one who is a whistle blower or one who tries to find the possible solution from within the system? Justify your stand with examples. Also discuss the challenges in finding a solution from within the system.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of a ‘good civil servant’ vis-à-vis whistle blowing aspect.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the aspect of whistle blowing in a civil servants’ life and in what way it makes her/him a good civil servant and how she/he has to manage the system to find suitable solutions irrespective of situations.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what makes a good civil servant.

Body:

Explain the key traits of a good civil servant first, then explain the whistle blowing aspects and the need to balance for solutions to different situations.

Such answers are best explained using suitable solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of good civil servants for the system to run more efficiently and effectively.


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) Discuss the various ethical issues associated with private health institutions in India, also suggest what measures can be taken to overcome these issues. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the topic of ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the ethical issues witnessed by the private health sector in country.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what are ethical concerns.

Body:

Define Health care ethics – it is the application of the core principles of bioethics (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice) to medical and health care decisions. It is a multidisciplinary lens through which to view complex issues and make recommendations regarding a course of action. Explain that there is a plethora of ethical issues associated with health sector and more so specifically in the private arena.

There are numerous ethical challenges clinical leaders, health practitioners and patients face in healthcare. Some examples of common medical ethical issues include: Patient Privacy and Confidentiality, the majority of Indians trust and utilize private health care despite the fact that cost of treatment is significantly higher than in public facilities. Further a large part of their expenditure is out-of-pocket and not accommodated by insurance providers. Finally, the inadequate penetration of insurance only means that access to quality health care is a luxury for a large section of the population etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggesting solutions to overcome and address these solutions.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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