Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
7) Discuss the various ethical issues associated with private health institutions in India, also suggest what measures can be taken to overcome these issues. (250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question is based on the topic of ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the ethical issues witnessed by the private health sector in country.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Explain what are ethical concerns.
Define Health care ethics – it is the application of the core principles of bioethics (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice) to medical and health care decisions. It is a multidisciplinary lens through which to view complex issues and make recommendations regarding a course of action. Explain that there is a plethora of ethical issues associated with health sector and more so specifically in the private arena.
There are numerous ethical challenges clinical leaders, health practitioners and patients face in healthcare. Some examples of common medical ethical issues include: Patient Privacy and Confidentiality, the majority of Indians trust and utilize private health care despite the fact that cost of treatment is signiﬁcantly higher than in public facilities. Further a large part of their expenditure is out-of-pocket and not accommodated by insurance providers. Finally, the inadequate penetration of insurance only means that access to quality health care is a luxury for a large section of the population etc.
Conclude with suggesting solutions to overcome and address these solutions.