Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
2) Complete penetration of clean cooking fuel and cookstoves in rural India requires more of a behavioural and attitudinal change rather than policies that promote clean cooking alone. Critically examine in the light of successes achieved by Ujjwala scheme in comparison to the past efforts in this direction. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article emphasizes on the fact that Complete penetration of clean cooking fuel and cookstoves in rural India requires a multi-pronged approach.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the significance of behavioural and attitudinal change required to bring change in cooking fuel methods in the rural pockets of the country.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the background of the scenario.
Explain first the need of getting rid of conventional cooking methods, necessity of clean cooking fuel methods.
What are the multiple factors that affect clean cooking choices?
Explain how the policies have evolved over time in terms of addressing the issue.
Discuss the significance of Ujjwala scheme and in what way it addresses the behavioral and attitudinal aspects.
Conclude with way ahead.