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1) There is no shortcut to right-sizing a country’s population. And coercive laws can sometimes be counter-productive, leading to age composition imbalance. Critically examine the statement in the context of population control scenario in the country.(250 words)

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) There is no shortcut to right-sizing a country’s population. And coercive laws can sometimes be counter-productive, leading to age composition imbalance. Critically examine the statement in the context of population control scenario in the country.(250 words)

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Why this question:

The article states that there is no doubt India has a population problem, but any strategy to change fertility rates should be carefully thought.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the need to balance population control policies that are coercive and in what way such policies can become counterproductive.

Directive:

 Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the context of the question.

Body:

Explain that Though India’s family planning programme is one of the oldest in the world (dating back to 1951), the forced sterilization campaign of the mid-1970s ensured any mention of “population” would take a backseat, at least at the national level. That 40-year spell was broken on 15 August when Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged the challenge of “population explosion” -keeping family size small is an act of patriotism.

Then explain the possible negative consequences.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward. 

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