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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems;
ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules,
regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical
governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues
in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 1) Diversification of jobs from agriculture to other sectors is inevitable for the stability of rural economy in India. Discuss with suitable justifications.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The question is about evaluating the need for diversification of Agri related jobs to bring stability in the rural economy of the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the need for diversifying the agricultural setup in the rural regions of India into other sectors for better stability of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the current context of the question.

Body:

One must explain in detail the need for Diversification of jobs from agriculture to other sectors. First explain why should there be an encouragement to shift in the rural agrarian economy to other sectors.

Contrary to the common perception about predominance of

agriculture in rural economy, about two third of rural income is now generated in nonagricultural activities.

 Similarly, it looks amazing to find that more than half of the value

added in manufacturing sector in India is contributed by rural areas. However, the impressive growth of non-agricultural sector in rural India has not brought significant employment gains or reduction in disparity in worker productivity. This underlines the need for a new approach to direct the transition of rural economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2) Why despite India being a large agricultural country a large population is malnourished? Discuss in detail the reasons and challenges associated with malnutrition in India.(250 words)

deccanherald

Why this question:

The question is to evaluate the issue of malnutrition in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the causes and consequences of malnutrition across the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the backdrop of the question that despite being an agrarian economy India is witnessing the problems of malnutrition.

Body:

First assert using suitable facts the prevalent scenario in the country – According to the ‘Food and Nutrition Security Analysis, India, 2019’ report authored by the Government of India and the United Nations World Food Programme malnutrition amongst children in India is projected to remain high, despite all the progress made in food security.

Discuss what is malnutrition? what are the causes? What needs to be done to address the challenge.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions as to what needs to be done to address the issue.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) Write a note on Bimal Jalan committee that was put in place to review the economic capital framework of the Reserve Bank of India.(250 words) 

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), in consultation with the government, had set up a six-member committee headed by the former RBI Governor Bimal Jalan to review the economic capital framework of the Reserve Bank of India.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the recommendations made by the committee.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short provide for the background that The RBI Board, which met recently decided to accept the Jalan Committee report and decided to transfer Rs 1.76 lakh crore to the government.

Body:

Explain the key recommendations of the Bimal Jamal committee – 

While giving a clearer distinction between the two components of economic capital — realized equity and revaluation balances — the committee recommended that realised equity could be used for meeting all risks/ losses as they were primarily built up from retained earnings, while revaluation balances could be reckoned only as risk buffers against market risks as they represented unrealised valuation gains and hence were not distributable.

As proposed by the panel and approved by the RBI, the entire net income can be transferable to the government only if realised equity is above its requirement. If it is below the lower bound of requirement, risk provisioning will be made to the extent necessary and only the residual net income (if any) transferred to the Government.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the recommendations made.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4) Do you think a cooperative federalism framework can provide the required impetus to the civil aviation sector in the country? Examine.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article discusses the significance of cooperative federalism to Indian civil aviation industry.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the current problems facing civil aviation industry in India and in what way cooperative federalism framework can bring impetus to it.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short define what is cooperative federalism. 

Body:

Explain that civil aviation is a Central subject and one that barely got significant attention from the States until recently. It is evident from the fact that very few States in India have active civil aviation departments. This is also due to the reason that States have had a passive role, invariably, having had to look up to the Central government for the development of airports and enhancing air connectivity. However, in the last four years, the situation has changed considerably.

The cooperation of States is seen as a major factor in the growth of the civil aviation sector. The Regional Connectivity Scheme, UdeDeshkaAamNaagrik (UDAN), has become a game changer as this flagship programme has a built-in mechanism to develop stakes of State governments in the growth of the sector.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of cooperative federalism and the impetus that it can bring.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Disaster and disaster management.

5) In your opinion do you agree that grass-roots governance is the urgent call for safeguarding the bio-diversity of the Western Ghats region? Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article highlights the significant arguments that were made by the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) to preserve and conserve the ecology of the region.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must envisage upon the significance that grass root governance would hold in bringing in conservation and preservation of the ecology of the western Ghats to the forefront.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the significance of western Ghats and its ecology in general.

Body:

Explain first the importance of democratic devolution.

Discuss the need for full advantage of powers and responsibilities conferred on citizens under provisions such as the 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution, and the Biological Diversity Act, 2002. Discuss the need to assert that conservation prescriptions should not be merely regulatory, but include positive incentives such as conservation service charges. 

Explain that we must hand over economic activities like quarrying to agencies like the Kudumbashree groups that are accountable to local communities.

Conclude with significance of grass root empowerment.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of grass root empowerment.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6) Can public ethics separate from private ethics for a public servant? Analyse with suitable illustrations.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and based on the concept of public and private ethics.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the relevance of private and public ethics to the lives of civil servants and in what way the two cannot be separated.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by public ethics and private ethics.

Body:

Briefly explain the principles of public and private ethics.

Explain with examples how private ethics diverges from public ethics. While private ethics is largely based on personal beliefs and sense of morality, public ethics is formed on the principles like selflessness, leadership, integrity, objectivity, accountability, transparency, and honesty.

One must illustrate with examples as to how while the two remain in synchronization most of the times, there may emerge circumstances where the two can diverge for a civil servant.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting importance of the two in public services.


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) Discuss the various issues associated with Corporate governance in India, also suggest what measures can be taken to overcome these issues.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of corporate governance.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the significance of corporate ethics, the issues associated with it and way forward to tackle the same.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what do you understand by corporate ethics?

Body:

In recent times various issues regarding corporate governance have been witnessed in India.

Issues associated are as followed – 

Board of directors’ appointments in India are still by way of “word of mouth” or fellow board member recommendations. Lack of effective Performance Evaluation of Directors, lack of true Independence of Directors – Independent directors’ appointment is biggest concern in the corporate governance. The independence of promoter appointed independent directors is questionable as it is unlikely that they will stand-up for minority interests against the promoter. Removal of Independent Directors, Accountability to Stakeholders – Various general duties have been imposed on all directors, directors including independent directors have been complacent due to lack of enforcement action, Executive Compensation, Risk Management – As a key aspect of risk management, privacy and data protection is an important governance issue, but it has been always neglected.

Suggest what can be done to overcome the issue?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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