Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
7) Critically examine the importance of ethics in International relations and elucidate with suitable illustrations.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of ethics in international relations.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss the relevance of ethics in international relations.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
What do you understand by ethics in international relations.
Explain first that Ethics is the study of the moral code of conduct or the ideal behavior to be sought by the human beings. It provides guidance to the realm of international relations as well.
significance of ethics in the international relations can be understood as:
adherence to the human rights -eg- lack of ethics in the international relation has been the cause of wars & genocide many times in history like the first world war.
accountability – eg- an irresponsible behavior of north Korea has raised the concerns of the whole world.
ethics helps to avoid the “ego clash” & “ideological clash” between two or more nations.
eg- the disruption between india & Pakistan relation can be avoided if both take a decision based on ethics.
ethics aim at “peaceful world”, “respect for all” & “equality” while forming international organizations, declarations & forums.
ethics of cooperation in the issues like combating law and order problems, with cross-border impacts.
ethics of standing by the countries that are facing insurgencies, and domestic civil wars.
ethics of pitching for a transparent system in the international financial administration.
globalization has rendered borders, useless. increasing trade balance between developed and underdeveloped countries is the cause of concern. mindless exploitation of these countries’ resources cannot be ignored. it requires a more empathetic view from developed nations.
it reduces tensions between countries and avoids war-like situations.
eg: Doklam issue between india & china has been solved through cooperation.
Conclude with way forward.