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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems;
ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules,
regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical
governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues
in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:India and its neighborhood- relations.

1) Discuss the difficult trajectory of contemporary Sino-Indian relations, with special focus on recent issue of Beijing’s stance on Kashmir. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

China’s support for Pakistan’s position on Kashmir at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has once again underscored the difficult trajectory of contemporary Sino-Indian relations. Thus, it is necessary for us to evaluate the changing dimensions of Sino-Indian relations.

Key demand of the question:

Evaluate the changing conditions of Sino-Indian relations in the current dynamics.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Brief upon the current changes that have affected the Sino-Indian relations.

Body:

Explain how by backing Pakistan’s request for the UNSC to discuss India’s latest move, China has signaled its priorities and made any normalization of ties almost impossible.

Discuss the recent changes , reasons for such change in the relations between the two countries.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) The fight against leprosy cannot be fully won without fighting the stigma against the disease. Critically analyse the statement in the light of recent findings of World Health Organization (WHO) which concluded that country now hosts 66% of all leprosy patients in the world.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

 The question is based on the recent WHO studies that have established that India still has 66% of Leprosy patients.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the causes of failure to eradicate the disease of leprosy in the country. And suggest what needs to be done.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what you understand by leprosy.

Body:

Discuss the following points in detail – 

India has become the leprosy capital of the world in the 14 years since it was declared free of the disease, as lack of vigilance and unfriendly laws paved the way for its return.

India officially eliminated leprosy in 2005, reducing its prevalence rate to 0.72 per 10,000 people at national level. But the country now hosts 66% of all leprosy patients in the world, data from the World Health Organization (WHO) showed.

Then move on to explain the reasons for such a condition in the country.

Explain what can be done? How can the disease be eradicated totally with special attention on the aspect of social stigma attached to it.

Conclusion:

Conclude that effective policies not just in terms of medical facilities but also in terms of mainstreaming the issue is essential to eradicate the disease totally.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) Despite the Microcredit system that has a great scope in alleviating socio-economic problems, existing systems requires restructuring in several areas to allow for long lasting benefits. Comment.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article explains the current conditions of Microcredit and its scope to alleviate socio-economic problems and in what way these conditions alone can not fix all the economic problems.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the impact of micro credit systems and the need for restructuring existing systems for better economic conditions in the country.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with what you understand by microcredit systems – Microcredit refers to the granting of very small loans to impoverished borrowers, with the aim of enabling the borrowers to use that capital to become self-employed and strengthen their businesses. Loans given as microcredit are often given to people who may lack collateral, credit history, or a steady source of income.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain first in what way microcredit has gained much traction as a tool for ensuring the welfare of the most impoverished in the society but there are certain flaws in the model.

Discuss what is the core idea of microcredit, how has it helped improve the socio-economic conditions of the poor in the country.

Explain what more restructuring is envisaged or required to better the conditions of economy apart from microcredits.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Disaster and disaster management.

4) Man-made fires in the Amazon rainforest have sent smoke to populated cities and the Atlantic coast. Why does it bring focus on President Bolsonaro’s policies? What impact can it have on the environment? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of recent forest fires witnessed by the Amazon forests.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the underlying causes for the forest fires and the impact it can have on the environment.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First explain in short what are forest fires.

Body:

The article best explains the causes owing to which the Amazon forests are facing forest fires. One must explain the significance that these rainforests hold for the health of the world environment.

Explain the recent policies of the President Bolsonaro that have led to such alarming conditions that may become irreversible if policies are not put in place to conserve the forests.

Explain what needs to be done

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

 5) In most cases, Data deprivation makes cybercrime difficult to tackle. While privacy and data protection are necessary, and data localization may pose its own business challenges, India needs to work out a way to crack cyber frauds and crimes. Elucidate.(250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question: 

The question is based on the theme of rising cyber crimes and cyber frauds being witnessed across the country.

Demand of the question:

Explain the changes in Sino-Indian relations, the causes and affect it has on the global politics.

Directive word: 

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Discuss the recent controversies pos abrogation of article 370.

Body

One must explain the recent stances where the India and China had a face off, discuss the causes leading to such changing relations and explain what needs to be done to overcome it.

Such answers are best explained with examples to substantiate.

Conclusion 

Conclude with what should be India’s stand, what needs to be done to ensure peace and security of its borders and peaceful relations with neighborhood country.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6) Liberation means complete cessation of suffering, different systems of Indian philosophy have given different views about the nature of liberation, but all agree in the point that liberation signifies an end to miseries of life. Explain with suitable examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of liberation as propounded by the philosophical system of India.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail in what way liberation is about ending miseries of life.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what you understand by liberation.

Body:

Explain that Systems of Indian philosophy, barring the Cârvâka, take liberation or freedom from bondage to be the goal of human life. Liberation means complete cessation of suffering. Different systems of Indian philosophy have given different views about the nature of liberation, but all agree in the point that liberation signifies an end to miseries of life. Indian philosophers recognize four ends (purusartha) of human life; they are—dharma (merit), artha (money), kâma (desire) and moka (liberation). Of these four, liberation is regarded as the highest and ultimate goal of man’s life. Different systems prescribe different paths for attainment of liberation, such as paths of knowledge (jñâna), devotion (bhakti) and action (karma).

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the Indian philosophies.


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Discuss the concept of virtue ethics from the perspectives of its propounders – Plato, Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the concept of virtue ethics.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of virtue ethics as propounded by Plato, Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by virtue ethics.

Body:

Explain in detail the concept of virtue ethics as stated by  Plato, Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas.

Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences.

In Plato’s Republic, the four cardinal virtues are wisdom, temperance, courage and justice. These reflect the nature of the soul. The soul has three parts. Our reason thinks; when it does this well, it has wisdom.

Aristotle defines virtue as the average, or ‘mean,’ between excess and deficiency. While for Aquinas, the body is not the prison of the soul, but a means for its expression. Aquinas’s ethical theory involves both principles – rules about how to act – and virtues – personality traits which are taken to be good or moral to have. The relative importance of the two aspects is debated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of virtue ethics. 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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