Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
Henley Passport Index
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Passport Index- features, performance of various countries and significance of the index.
Context: The latest edition of Henley Passport Index has been released.
The Index ranks India at 86, down five places from 81 in 2018.
About the index:
- The Henley Passport Index (HPI) is a global ranking of countries according to the travel freedom for their citizens.
- The index gathers data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) that manages inter-airline cooperation globally.
- The Henley Passport Index is updated in real time according to countries’ visa policy changes.
- It started in 2006 as Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index (HVRI)and was modified and renamed in January 2018.
- The HPI consists of a ranking of passports according to how many other territories can be reached ‘visa-free’.
- India has a score of 58. That is the number of destinations an Indian passport holder can travel to today, without pre-departure government approval. That is the same as a citizen of any country, on an average, could travel to 13 years ago.
- In 2006, a citizen, on an average, could travel to 58 destinations without needing a visa from the host nation; by 2018, this number had nearly doubled to 107.
- India ranks below other BRICS countries, with which are at a similar stage in their economic development.
Significance of the index:
Passport rankings point towards the strength of diplomatic relations between countries.
Are there other passport indices?
The Henley Passport Index is not the only index available on passport rankings.
Others include the Arton Passport Index, which ranks United Arab Emirates’s passport at rank 1 as per its most recent rankings.
Sources: the Hindu.