Awareness in space.
What to study?
For prelims and mains: Key objectives and significance of the mission.
Context: Russia has launched an unmanned rocket into space.
- It is carrying a life-size humanoid robot that will spend 10 days learning to assist astronauts on the International Space Station.
- Known as FEDOR, which stands for Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research, the Skybot F-850 is the first humanoid robot to be sent to space by Russia.
- The robot’s main purpose it to be used in operations that are especially dangerous for humans onboard spacecraft and in outer space.
- FEDOR, who is the size an adult and can emulate movements of the human body, has apparently embraced his mission, describing himself as “an assistant to the ISS crew”.
- Fedor copies human movements, a key skill that allows it to remotely help astronauts or even people on Earth to carry out tasks while the humans are strapped into an exoskeleton.
- Fedor is described as potentially useful on Earth for working in high radiation environments, demining and tricky rescue missions.
Fedor is not the first robot to go into space.
In 2011, NASA sent up Robonaut 2, a humanoid robot developed with General Motors that had a similar aim of working in high-risk environments.
In 2013, Japan sent up a small robot called Kirobo along with the ISS’s first Japanese space commander.
Sources: the Hindu.