Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
6) Liberation means complete cessation of suffering, different systems of Indian philosophy have given different views about the nature of liberation, but all agree in the point that liberation signifies an end to miseries of life. Explain with suitable examples.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question is based on the concept of liberation as propounded by the philosophical system of India.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail in what way liberation is about ending miseries of life.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Explain what you understand by liberation.
Explain that Systems of Indian philosophy, barring the Cârvâka, take liberation or freedom from bondage to be the goal of human life. Liberation means complete cessation of suffering. Different systems of Indian philosophy have given different views about the nature of liberation, but all agree in the point that liberation signifies an end to miseries of life. Indian philosophers recognize four ends (purusartha) of human life; they are—dharma (merit), artha (money), kâma (desire) and moka (liberation). Of these four, liberation is regarded as the highest and ultimate goal of man’s life. Different systems prescribe different paths for attainment of liberation, such as paths of knowledge (jñâna), devotion (bhakti) and action (karma).
Conclude by reasserting significance of the Indian philosophies.