Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
2) The fight against leprosy cannot be fully won without fighting the stigma against the disease. Critically analyse the statement in the light of recent findings of World Health Organization (WHO) which concluded that country now hosts 66% of all leprosy patients in the world.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the recent WHO studies that have established that India still has 66% of Leprosy patients.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must evaluate the causes of failure to eradicate the disease of leprosy in the country. And suggest what needs to be done.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Explain what you understand by leprosy.
Discuss the following points in detail –
India has become the leprosy capital of the world in the 14 years since it was declared free of the disease, as lack of vigilance and unfriendly laws paved the way for its return.
India officially eliminated leprosy in 2005, reducing its prevalence rate to 0.72 per 10,000 people at national level. But the country now hosts 66% of all leprosy patients in the world, data from the World Health Organization (WHO) showed.
Then move on to explain the reasons for such a condition in the country.
Explain what can be done? How can the disease be eradicated totally with special attention on the aspect of social stigma attached to it.
Conclude that effective policies not just in terms of medical facilities but also in terms of mainstreaming the issue is essential to eradicate the disease totally.