[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 August 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22  August 2019

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1)  “Kashmir needs a new leadership emerging from the development narrative of the 21st century, not the separatist themes of the 20th century.” Comment. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

 Th article discusses the need for new leadership in Kashmir given the current situation post abrogation of article 370 and 35A.

Key demand of the question:

Th answer must provide for a comparison between developmental leadership and separatist leadership. And suggest why there is a need for newer leadership.

Directive:

Commenthere we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief the background of the issue in J and K.

Body:

The answer must explain the essence of the right leadership.

Explain the demerits of a separatist regime of leadership.

Compare and contrast it with the need of developmental leadership which is much needed for the valley.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions and suggest a way forward.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

2) Do you agree that the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act could prove catastrophic for fundamental rights? Is sacrificing liberty for national security justified? Discuss and provide for your opinion.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

In Parliament this month, former Union Minister P. Chidambaram questioned the need for certain amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967. The Bill empowers the Central government to name any individual a terrorist if it believes him or her to be so.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must debate over the cost of declaring individuals terrorist in the UPA act, in what way it violates fundamental rights.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the recent amendments made to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act.

Body:

The answer must first bring out the key changes that were made recently by the parliament.

Explain in what way these changes pose questions on the fundamental rights at the price of national security.

Take hints from the article and explain both pros and cons of such a move.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting what needs to be done.


Topic:  History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) One Country, Two Systems” – Hong Kong’s Transformation since the handover has been a crisis of democracy. Thus, critically examine the recent uproar in demand of democracy in Hong Kong and the impact it is manifesting in the south Asian political setup. (250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question: 

Hong Kong held one of its biggest rallies in recent years earlier this month to honour the hundreds or possibly thousands killed in the army assault. Thus, necessary from exam point of view to evaluate the issue.

Demand of the question:

One must critically examine the recent uproar and the quest for democracy being demanded by the Hong Kong people.

Directive word: 

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In brief explain the background of the question.

Body

Massive protests in Hongkong has erupted against a government plan to allow extradition to mainland China. The mass demonstration was one of the largest in the city’s history and a stunning display of rising fear and anger over the erosion of civil liberties.

The protest recalled the pro-democracy Umbrella Movement five years ago.

Explain the causes, consequences in detail.

Conclusion 

Conclude with a fair a balanced approach while suggesting a way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Salient features of Indian Society, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) Do you think Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution, which guarantee the right to equality and the right to live with dignity, are violated by having different legal age for men and women to marry in India? Debate with suitable justifications. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article talks about the petition that was recently filed challenging the legal age of marriage in India that is different for male and female. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for critical arguments upon the topic of different legal age for men and women to marry in India, one must present justifications as to how it violates the fundamental rights.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction on the legal age of marriage in India.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain that the law prescribes that the minimum age of marriage is 21 and 18 years for men and women, respectively. The minimum age of marriage is distinct from the age of majority, which is gender neutral.

Explain why there is a need of minimum age in the first place? Discuss the historical evolution of this factor.

Discuss and debate why the age is different for men and women.

Explain why the country needs to reconsider the issue.

Substantiate your stand with suitable justifications by stating how it violates fundamental rights enshrined in article 14 and 21.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Money-laundering and its prevention.

5) What is money laundering? Examine the recent policy efforts by the Government of India to tackle the problem.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The CBI’s case is that the INX Media allegedly flouted the conditional FIPB approval, and brought in over ₹305 crore of FDI against the approved inflow

CBI alleges that INX Media engaged Karti Chidambaram, the promoter director of Chess Management, to resolve the issue.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to evaluate in detail about money laundering- definition, purpose, means etc. It also wants us to discuss the available policies such as PMLA to tackle the same.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write a few lines about the meaning of money laundering- e.g Money laundering is the process of creating the appearance that large amounts of money obtained from criminal activity, such as drug trafficking or terrorist activity, originated from a legitimate source. The money from the illicit activity is considered dirty, and the process “launders” the money to make it look clean.

Body:

Discuss the steps in money laundering- Placement-criminally derived funds are introduced in the financial system; Layering-the property is ‘washed’ and its ownership and source is disguised; Integration-‘laundered’ property is re-introduced into the legitimate economy; This three staged definition of money laundering is highly simplistic. The reality is that the so-called stages often overlap and, in some cases, for example in cases of financial crimes, there is no requirement for the proceeds of crime to be ‘placed’.

Briefly explain how globalization impacts money laundering.

Examine the recent policy efforts taken by the government – India is a full-fledged member of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), PMLA 2002, Financial intelligence unit -IND etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6) Discuss the contributions of the following moral thinkers of the world:

  1. Plato
  2. Aristotle.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the contributions of the moral thinkers.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the contributions made by Aristotle and Plato.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

One can start by highlighting the significance of such great moral thinkers.

Body:

Explain the contributions of each of the moral thinkers separately, there isn’t much to deliberate in such questions. One should discuss the philosophies and ideologies propounded by them and how such morals hold true even in today’s times.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of such contributors.


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) “I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies.” – Aristotle. Critically analyse the relevance and significance of the statement.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the statement made by Aristotle.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the meaning of the statement and importance of it.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the significance of Aristotle to the field of ethics.

Body:

Aristotle, through this statement, argues that it is easy to confront and overcome one’s enemy. But it is much difficult to confront the desires. Confronting an enemy is a compulsion for an individual. However, to confront one’s desires is a much difficult task, as it involves resisting the urges of the materialistic pleasures. Aristotle rightly argues that the one who overcomes his desires is much braver than the one who overcomes his enemies.

Only a person of high morality and character can resist the temptations of crude desires. The present society faces an acute form of this problem. Even highly qualified people fail to resist the temptations of material gains and pleasures. This becomes a sign of their moral weakness.

Conclusion:

Thus, what is required is to train the people to resist their material urges. The biggest challenge for an individual is to confront his own desires and interests than to face his adversary.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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