Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
7) “I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies.” – Aristotle. Critically analyse the relevance and significance of the statement.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question is based on the statement made by Aristotle.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the meaning of the statement and importance of it.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the significance of Aristotle to the field of ethics.
Aristotle, through this statement, argues that it is easy to confront and overcome one’s enemy. But it is much difficult to confront the desires. Confronting an enemy is a compulsion for an individual. However, to confront one’s desires is a much difficult task, as it involves resisting the urges of the materialistic pleasures. Aristotle rightly argues that the one who overcomes his desires is much braver than the one who overcomes his enemies.
Only a person of high morality and character can resist the temptations of crude desires. The present society faces an acute form of this problem. Even highly qualified people fail to resist the temptations of material gains and pleasures. This becomes a sign of their moral weakness.
Thus, what is required is to train the people to resist their material urges. The biggest challenge for an individual is to confront his own desires and interests than to face his adversary.