Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  Role of women, Social empowerment

1) Critically examine the Cultural stereotypes that pose severe barriers for women’s entry into the sciences in the country. Suggest what steps need to be taken to overcome such a barrier.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

 The article details on studies that have brought to fore the stereotypes – how they pose severe barriers for women’s entry into the sciences—for instance, only 29% of female students in India are enrolled in a BTech course, as per the All India Higher Education Survey (AISHE) 2017-18.

Key demand of the question:

One must examine the typical cultural stereotypes that pose severe barriers for women’s entry into the sciences in the country and what solutions need to be provided to overcome it.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss current conditions in science and the number of women contributing towards it.

Body:

One must take hints from the article quote from various case studies and discuss the causes of such stereotyping and explain what needs to be done to overcome such a cultural stereotyping. Discuss government initiatives and policies in this direction. Explain what can be done to overcome and induct more women to participate in the field of science.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Despite its best intentions to introduce sweeping reforms in medical education in India, the National Medical Commission (NMC) Act, 2019 seems to fail in addressing the larger issues plaguing the medical education and health sector. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article critically analyses the recently passed National Medical Commission (NMC) Act, 2019.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss in detail the issues plaguing the medical sector and in what way the new act also is failing to capture effectively such issues.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the coming of the National Medical Commission (NMC) Act, 2019.

Body:

Explain the key features or changes brought in by the National Medical Commission (NMC) Act, 2019.

Then discuss in detail the merits and demerits of the act.

Take clues from the article and list down upon the lacunae the National Medical Commission (NMC) Act, 2019 poses or fails to address in the medical sector.

Suggest what can be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and suggest approaches that need to be adopted.


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3) The concerns of misuse of Aadhaar-social media link can be addressed only through achieving a balance between right to privacy, preventing crime and fake news issue. Elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question: 

The article talks about the recent observations made by the apex court in the matter of linking Aadhaar number with social media to prevent issues arising out of cybercrimes and fake news.

Demand of the question:

One has to answer how a balanced approach is required to handle such an issue, how one can address it.

Directive word: 

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Discuss the background of the question.

Body

Recently the Supreme Court stressed on the need to find a balance between the right to online privacy and the right of the State to detect people who use the web to spread panic and commit crimes.

Discuss what are the issues of privacy that get violated if Aadhaar is linked to social sites, then discuss and debate on what are the advantages of doig the same.

Conclusion 

Conclude by emphasizing on need to find a balanced approach to resolve the issue.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) What are Differential Voting Rights? Discuss the role played by them in the growth and expansion of start-up ecosystem in India.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article talks about the concept of DVRs and applicability to start-ups.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of DVRs and their role in promoting start-ups.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what are DVRs. 

Body:

Discuss the concept of DVR – A DVR share is like an ordinary equity share, but it provides fewer voting rights to the shareholder.

 Why do companies issue DVR? – Companies issue DVR shares for prevention of a hostile takeover and dilution of voting rights. It also helps strategic investors who do not want control, but are looking at a reasonably big investment in a company. 

At times, companies issue DVR shares to fund new large projects, due to fewer voting rights, even a big issue does not trigger an open offer.

Explain in what way they can contribute to start -ups.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5) What are Biosimilars? How are they different from Generic drugs? Discuss the possible prospects they hold for the Indian pharma industry.(250 words)

Why this question:

Pharma major Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd has launched ‘Versavo (bevacizumab)’, a biosimilar of Roche’s Avastin in India. The drug is for the treatment of several types of cancers.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must detail upon the concept of Biosimilars, compare them with Generic drugs and discuss the potential they hold for Indian Pharma Industry.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce by explaining what are Biosimilars – A biosimilar is exactly what its name implies — it is a biologic that is “similar” to another biologic medicine (known as a reference product).

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Biosimilars are ‘similar biologic drugs’, clinically equivalent, in terms of safety and efficacy, to biologic medicines. When the patent surrounding an original biologic’s formula is no longer protected, others companies can release cheaper biosimilars with no clinically meaningful differences.

Biosimilars v/s Generics – Nature of the drug, Manufacturing and testing, functioning etc.

Discuss significance – first explain issues plaguing Indian pharma industry and in what way Biosimilars can aid to fix issues.

Both Biosimilars and generic drugs are hugely important for affordable healthcare, and in recognition of this, Indian patent laws provide stringent protections against the practice of ‘evergreening’ by original drug manufacturers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6) Swami Vivekananda was a proponent of a multicultural nation rooted in religious tolerance and modernity. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article debates in detail upon the applicability of sarva dharma sama bhava philosophy and the significant role played by Swami Vivekananda.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail in what way swami Vivekananda was a proponent of a multicultural nation rooted in religious tolerance and modernity. 

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Brief about Swami Vivekananda.

Body:

Explain that one of the key elements of his message, based on the experiments of his spiritual mentor Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, was that all religions lead to the same goal. Paramahansa is unique in the annals of mysticism as one whose spiritual practices reflect the belief that the ideas of personal god and that of an impersonal god as well as spiritual practices in Christianity and in Islam all lead to the same realization.

While in Chicago, Vivekananda stressed three important and novel facets of Hindu life. First, he said that Indian tradition believed “not only in toleration” but in acceptance of “all religions as true”. Second, he stressed in no uncertain terms that Hinduism was incomplete without Buddhism, and vice versa. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of his contributions.


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Mahatma Gandhi’s principle of truth and non-violence emphasizes the use of reform of heart rather than use of violence. In this context discuss the various Gandhian methods and their relevance in modern times.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question aims to evaluate the relevance of Gandhian principles of truth and non-violence.

Key demand of the question:

Explain with suitable examples the relevance of Gandhian philosophy in modern days.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight the importance of Gandhian philosophy.

Body:

Gandhiji’s principle of truth and non-violence emphasizes the use of reform of heart rather than use of violence. One must explain and justify the relevance of the philosophy using an example/case study.

Students must discuss the nature of different forms of violence and factors leading to it. In addition, bring out the relevance of Gandhian principles of truth, Satyagraha, non-violence, proper educational system and religious tolerance, and argue that these principles can be applied in the contemporary situation for reduction of conflict and violence by advancing the welfare of the deprived, protection of environment, promoting peace and understanding among peoples.

Conclusion:

Conclude that these principles have a universal validity and have been successfully adopted by several countries and peoples.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.