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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic:Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration
and governance.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Women and associated issues, Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1) As India celebrates its 73rd year of independence, do women continue their struggle to be free in India? Discuss in the context of public safety for women.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is based on the issue of public safety witnessed by the women in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the causes and consequences and the concerns of public safety that hinder growth and development of women in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss struggle women have gone through in the country historically.

Body:

Discuss why to engage with the world and truly live their lives, Indian women want the rule of law to deliver safety.

What is public safety? Why is it necessary? 

What are the consequences of lack of public safety? – Women are far more likely to experience verbal and physical harassment, stalking, molestation, assault, sexual assault and rape compared to men. While India has a high incidence of violence and sexual assault within the household, much of this plays out in public spaces.

Explain in what way safety factor often creates boundaries to women and shackles their freedom.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the problems.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

2) The automobile sector of the country is in the news as it is experiencing prolonged negative growth. What are the reasons? Why are jobs being lost? And how can the government help? Discuss. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the sudden slump being witnessed in the automobile industry in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the causes for the slump in the automobile sector, the loss of jobs that is being witnessed and what the government needs to do to overcome the challenges and the concerns.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the current situation of automobile industry in the country.

Body:

Quote data from the article indicating the slowdown in the markets, explain the causative factors – global and domestic economic slowdown, lack of will in people to buy owing to policy changes in the tax regime, electric vehicles, BS VI reforms etc.

Explain what needs to be done by the government like – 

A reduction in GST to 18% from the current rate of 28% will help in an immediate price reduction.

Measures to handle the NBFC crisis will help infuse the much-needed liquidity into the system ahead of the coming festive season.

Clarity on policy for electric vehicles and introduction of vehicle scrappage policy will also boost demand for new vehicles.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Unless we sight migrant workers as a dynamic part of a changing India, the problems concerning Urbanization will remain unaddressed. Comment.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question: 

The article presents the case study of migrant issue in the country and in what way it is associated with the problems of urbanisation.

Demand of the question:

Explain the interrelationship that exists between the migrants and the urbanization in the country.

Directive word: 

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

State data for migrants from the article.

Body

Explain briefly the current trends of migration in India and in what way it is impacting the urban landscape

Discuss the issues posed by migrants, also explain why they face vulnerabilities and thus fail to contribute productively and act as a counterproductive mechanism to the urban areas.

Explain what needs to be done to ensure migrants contribute to the productivity, suggest solutions.

Conclusion 

Conclude with suitable solutions to the problems.


Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4)  In the current day world, with all its on-going troubles, do you think WTO may still emerge as the lynchpin of global trade governance? Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

 The article talks about the role WTO still has to play in global trade governance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the relevance of WTO in today’s world despite the criticism faced by it owing to changing world trade conditions.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain in brief the role that WTO has been playing since its genesis in managing world trade.

Body:

Discuss first its achievements from the past till present, explain how It also monitors the implementation of free trade agreements, produces research on global trade and economic policy, and serves as a forum for settling trade disputes between nations. An alternate way to look at the WTO’s success is not to focus on how much trade it has helped create and the corresponding tariff reductions, but the damage in trade value it has helped avert.

Take hints from the article and quote examples and justify in what way WTO still remains to be the lynchpin of global trade.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) In the recent times Microplastics evidently have compelling populace to look at plastics in a different way. Critically examine.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of microplastics.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must capture in what way the menace of microplastics has alarmed the people across the world and compelled to rethink over the use of plastics.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with definition of what are microplastics.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Microplastics, which are defined as shreds of plastic less than 5 mm in length.

A study published in June estimated that the average human ends up consuming at least 50,000 particles of microplastics in food every year.

Quote facts similar to the above to justify the urgency to acknowledge the menace posed by the microplastics.

Explain in what way the use of microplastics can disrupt life.

Discuss what needs to be done to tackle the problem.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way solutions to address the issues.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

6) The EI of the leader plays important role in effectiveness of social interactions with others individuals. In the backdrop of the statement discuss the significance of EI in a leader.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the relevance of emotional intelligence in the life of a leader.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the role of EI in leadership.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define emotional intelligence.

Body:

A big part of being a leader involves being credible, honest or trustworthy and for the leader to maintain such virtues it is essential to have high emotional intelligence.

State the qualities that a leader must possess and how effective emotional intelligence helps leader to exercise his responsibilities better.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of EI.


Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7) “Anybody can become angry, that is easy; but to be angry with the right person, and to the right degree, and at the right time, and for the right purpose, and in the right way, that is not within everybody’s power, that is not easy.” —Aristotle. Evaluate the statement in the context of the concept of emotional intelligence. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The statement is in the context of significance that emotional intelligence holds in the life of an individual.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the significance of emotional intelligence and its application aspects in all spheres of life.

Directive:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly define the concept of emotional intelligence.

Body:

Explain that Emotional Intelligence is the summative of abilities, competencies and skills that signify a collection of knowledge in order to cope with life effectively. Therefore, it is closely related to the personal and professional growth of the individuals who have to take decisions under stressful and difficult situations.

One has to open up the statement quoted by Aristotle and use suitable illustrations to justify their answers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of handling emotions.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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