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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration
and governance.


General Studies – 1


Topic: population and associated issues

1) Rather than worrying for population control alone the country must work specifically to avert the alarming gender crisis to restore the balance. Comment in the context of recent controversies surrounding the policy and action for population control. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The long dormant issue of a “population explosion” has come to the national forefront, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi calling it a challenge in his Independence Day speech. 

Key demand of the question:

Answer must significantly explain the urgency to focus of the gender crisis the country is facing.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Narrate the crisis of sex ratio India is witnessing.

Body:

The answer must explicitly explain upon the widening gender gap.

India has about 930 females per 1,000 males. This sex ratio is alarming, but the skew looks even worse if you look at new births. According to government figures, the country’s sex ratio at birth declined from 900 females per 1,000 males in 2013-15 to 896 in 2015-17. 

Explain that this is a phenomenon that is likely to impact India hard in the decades ahead.

Suggest what needs to be done to avert gender crisis, how we must work to restore the balance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Appointment of a chief of defence staff (CDS), would constitute the most significant defence policy reform in decades for India. Comment.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

 In his Independence Day address, Prime Minister announced the creation of the post of Chief of Defence Staff.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must evaluate the significance of such an appointment and in what way it can bring significant change in the Defence wings of the country.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define who is a CDS – The CDS is a high military office that oversees and coordinates the working of the three Services.

Body:

Discuss about the CDS, roles and functions of such an office – CDS shall provide “effective leadership at the top level” to the three wings of the armed forces, and to help improve coordination among them.

It offers seamless tri-service views and single-point advice to the Executive (in India’s case, to the Prime Minister) on long-term defence planning and management, including manpower, equipment and strategy, and above all, “jointsmanship” in operations.

Explain in depth the case of having a CDS for the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.


Topic:  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges

3) Why Some States in India have Bicameral Legislatures? Discuss the relevance of the Legislative Councils in the States in the backdrop of recent demand of certain states to create the second house. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question: 

The article discusses the debates surrounding the creation of Legislative Councils in states. The issue gains significance in light of the wish of Odisha to have an upper house of its own. The creation of Legislative Councils needs to be evaluated in this question.

Demand of the question:

The question expects us to discuss the role Legislative Councils play and how useful are they for states. The question makes an assertion that if LCs were useful for states, each state would have one. Since not all states are having LCs, it indicates the limited utility of LCs. We have to give our opinion on this assertion mainly.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Explain the constitutional provisions regarding LCs and highlight the number of states that have LCs in India.

Body

  • Discuss the role that LCs were envisaged to perform as per the founding fathers of our constitution – as a revisory house, give an opportunity to diverse section to be a part of the law-making process etc.
  • Highlight the status quo of functioning of Legislative councils in the states in India.
  • Mention the negatives of having an LC – Constitution Assembly itself felt this body would delay legislative process, not a representative of people directly, and an expensive institution, no real power except the power to delay legislations etc.
  • Discuss the recommendations of committees like 2nd ARC and what they have suggested for improving the functioning of LCs – election of members of legislative council, role of teachers and graduates should be decreased or done away with and how more say should be given to local bodies. 
  • Examine whether a national policy for states to have LCs should be encouraged.

Conclusion 

Give your view on the importance of LC for states and the way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth,
development and employment

4) Do you agree that transforming Indian agriculture in the medium to long run would require fundamental reforms in land institutions apart from matters related to Agri-markets? Critically examine.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article talks about the significance of land reforms and land institutions in reforming Indian agriculture. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must elaborate on the need for focussed attention in terms of land as an important institution in the policy reforms for agriculture.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

 When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief background of the question, one can talk about the recently appointed committee for Agri- reforms – Early in its second term, on July 1, the Narendra Modi government constituted a High-Powered Committee of Chief Ministers for Transformation of Indian Agriculture. Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis was appointed the committee’s convener.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

First brief on the agricultural sector of the country and the problems plaguing it.

What are the reforms required on various fronts to fix the issues in agriculture?

Discuss the significance of land as a key institution in Agri reforms.

Take hints from the article and form a balanced opinion.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Conservation, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5) Indian Monsoon’s increasing unpredictability calls for greater efficiency in rainwater storage and use. Do you agree? Elucidate with suitable justifications. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses the urgency of focusing on storage and use of rainwater efficiently to address the water crisis facing the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must relate the unpredictability of the Indian monsoon and relevance of rainwater storage and use.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the recent unpredictable nature of Indian Monsoons.

Body:

The answer must explain the issue of Indian monsoon – fewer rainy days and more extreme precipitation, explain its impact on agriculture etc.

Discuss the monsoonal vagaries and how it has impacted the Indian economy and life.

Take hints from the article and debate over and form a balanced opinion and justify with examples the urgent need to press on storage and harvest of rainwater.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of conserving water.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

6) Discuss the concept of emotional intelligence and suggest the various applications of emotional intelligence. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is straight forward and aims to discuss the concept of emotional intelligence and its application.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept and in what way it can be applied in an individual’s life.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define Emotional intelligence.

Body:

Explain the following points – 

  • The term was coined by two researchers – Peter Salovey and John Mayer in 1990 but got popular in 1996 from Dan Goleman’s book ‘Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ’.
  • Emotional intelligence refers to ‘the ability to identify one’s own emotions and those of others, harness and apply them to tasks, and to regulate and manage them’.
  • Emotional Quotient (EQ) is a measure of one’s EI i.e. through a standardized test, one’s awareness of emotions in relation to self and others is known.
  • Explain the applicability of EI in individual’s life, in administration, civil services etc. using suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting what needs to be done to ensure EI and how to practice the same.


Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7) Debate upon the significance of the concept of emotional intelligence in today’s Digital age of alienation. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question aims to evaluate the relevance of EI in the age of digital world.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way EI plays a vital role in the Digital age of alienation.

Directive:

DebateThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly define what is emotional intelligence.

Body:

  • Emotional intelligence refers to ‘the ability to identify one’s own emotions and those of others, harness and apply them to tasks, and to regulate and manage them’. Emotional Quotient (EQ) is a measure of one’s EI i.e. through a standardized test, one’s awareness of emotions in relation to self and others is known.
  • Discuss the impact of digitalness in today’s world – digital alienation refers to manifestations of alienation online.
  • Explain using day to day examples, suggest in what way EI plays a key role in managing emotions in a difficult world alienated by technology, social media etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of EI.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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