Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth,
development and employment
4) Do you agree that transforming Indian agriculture in the medium to long run would require fundamental reforms in land institutions apart from matters related to Agri-markets? Critically examine.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article talks about the significance of land reforms and land institutions in reforming Indian agriculture.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must elaborate on the need for focussed attention in terms of land as an important institution in the policy reforms for agriculture.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief background of the question, one can talk about the recently appointed committee for Agri- reforms – Early in its second term, on July 1, the Narendra Modi government constituted a High-Powered Committee of Chief Ministers for Transformation of Indian Agriculture. Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis was appointed the committee’s convener.
Discussion should include the following:
First brief on the agricultural sector of the country and the problems plaguing it.
What are the reforms required on various fronts to fix the issues in agriculture?
Discuss the significance of land as a key institution in Agri reforms.
Take hints from the article and form a balanced opinion.
Conclude with way forward.