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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16  August 2019

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and
compassion towards the weakersections.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) India’s total fertility rate (TFR) is declining. It is now 2.2 per woman, nearing the replacement rate of 2.1, according to the latest government data. Discuss the causes of falling fertility rate and critically analyse India’s challenges as its fertility rate falls.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

PM has flagged ‘challenges’ posed by India’s ‘population explosion’. While India is expected to soon overtake China as the world’s most populous country, the total fertility rate has been falling almost everywhere in India. Thus, it is important for us to analyse the situation.

Demand of the question:

One has to delve into the data to raise issues that will confront the government as India may not remain young for long and explain the possible causes of such a trend and analyse the upcoming challenges.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Define what is fertility rate, its significance in population studies of the country.

Body

Discussion should have the following aspects explained:

What does the data say about India’s TFR?

How does TFR vary between urban and rural areas of the country? discuss the causes.

The factors that have contributed to declining TFR are: Higher education, increased mobility, late marriage, financial independence among women and overall prosperity.

Then move onto explaining the possible challenges that the falling TFR may lead to.

Conclusion 

Conclude by suggesting solutions to the challenges.


Topic:  Role of Women, Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

2) The best investment India can make towards economic prosperity and societal progress is in higher education and employment prospects of women. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

 The article talks about the interrelationship of women empowerment and economic prosperity.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss in what way higher education and employment prospects of women would matter and bring prosperity and societal progress for the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Body:

The status of women has dramatically increased in India. At the time of Independence, policymakers did not focus on educating women. As a result, household income and India’s GDP did not grow as much as it could have.

The data from the AISHE and NFHS surveys indicate that the best investment India can make towards economic prosperity and societal progress is in higher education and employment prospects of women.

Take excerpts from the article and discuss with suitable illustrations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

3) What is the office of Chief of Defence Staff that Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced in his Independence Day address? Where did the idea come from, and what is the CDS supposed to do? Explain. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

In his Independence Day address Thursday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the creation of the post of Chief of Defence Staff to provide “effective leadership at the top level” to the three wings of the armed forces, and to help improve coordination among them.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should explain the significance of creation of the post of CDS, its key functions and roles and responsibilities.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define in brief who is a Chief of Defense Staff?

Body:

The CDS is a high military office that oversees and coordinates the working of the three Services, and offers seamless tri-service views and single-point advice to the Executive (in India’s case, to the Prime Minister) on long-term defence planning and management, including manpower, equipment and strategy, and above all, “jointsmanship” in operations.

Then discuss the evolution of the concept of CDS across the countries of the world. – The United States Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC), for example, is extremely powerful, with a legislated mandate and sharply delineated powers.

Discuss significance of such a post.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) What are polymetallic nodules? In this context discuss the significance and relevance of Deep-Sea Mission of India and also discuss its challenges and limitations. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of PMNs and about discussing the Deep-Sea mission of India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the Deep-Sea Mission of India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with definition – Polymetallic nodules are small potato like rounded accretions composed of minerals such as manganese, nickel, cobalt, copper and iron hydroxide. They lie scattered on the Indian Ocean Floor at depths of about 6000m and the size can vary from a few millimeters to centimeters. These metals can be extracted and used in electronic devices, smartphones, batteries and even for solar panels.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Why the mission – To Boost India’s Sea Exploration Capabilities. The mission proposes to explore the deep ocean similar to the space exploration started by ISRO about 35 years ago.

Discuss the key features of the mission.

What are the issues and concerns involved?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Disaster and disaster management.

5) In the backdrop of recent floods that deluged most parts of the country, don’t you think the water footprint needs to be reinstated, and the relationship with water resources rebuilt to face a future of changing weather patterns? Elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the policy level lacunae and the lack of proper planning with respect to existing water resources that has led to the current conditions of floods in the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss and detail upon need of conscious efforts in terms of planning and effective ways to rebuild the relationship with the water resources.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the current flood situation being witnessed across the country.

Body:

The answer must discuss in detail the issue – causes of the flood situation; Large-scale urbanization, Dilution of laws, lack of planning etc.

Then discuss what should be done essentially to overcome the problem, take clues from the article and detail on the aspects that need focus.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

6) In the present-day socio-political context, why do you think integrity and impartiality must be considered as foundational values in public services? Illustrate.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concepts of Integrity and impartiality

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and there is not much to deliberate. One must discuss the significance of the concepts.

Directive:

Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the virtues of Integrity and impartiality.

Body:

Explain the following aspects in your answer:

Detail upon the concepts of Integrity and impartiality.

Impartiality and Integrity imply acting solely according to the merits of the case and serving equally well the governments of different political persuasions. An impartial and politically neutral civil service is a defence against the spoils system which has the propensity to degenerate into a system of patronage, nepotism and corruption.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of such values in public administration.


Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

7) What do you understand by objectivity? How can one inculcate objectivity? Discuss in relevance with the need of the same in public services.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of objectivity and its significance in public services.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of objectivity and in what way one can apply the same to civil services.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define objectivity.

Body:

Objectivity is the opposite of subjectivity. You must not make decision on your values, emotions. Policy based / rule-based decisions are examples of objective decision because they are made upon prescribed policy/rule.

Then move onto discuss why objectivity is crucial for public services.

Discuss in what way objectivity can be inculcated in an individual.

Explain the relevance of objectivity in public services.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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