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4) What are polymetallic nodules? In this context discuss the significance and relevance of Deep-Sea Mission of India and also discuss its challenges and limitations. (250 words)

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) What are polymetallic nodules? In this context discuss the significance and relevance of Deep-Sea Mission of India and also discuss its challenges and limitations. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of PMNs and about discussing the Deep-Sea mission of India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the Deep-Sea Mission of India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with definition – Polymetallic nodules are small potato like rounded accretions composed of minerals such as manganese, nickel, cobalt, copper and iron hydroxide. They lie scattered on the Indian Ocean Floor at depths of about 6000m and the size can vary from a few millimeters to centimeters. These metals can be extracted and used in electronic devices, smartphones, batteries and even for solar panels.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Why the mission – To Boost India’s Sea Exploration Capabilities. The mission proposes to explore the deep ocean similar to the space exploration started by ISRO about 35 years ago.

Discuss the key features of the mission.

What are the issues and concerns involved?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.