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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act

1) What is delimitation? examine its objectives and how delimitation affects the representation of the people act. (250 words)

Timesnownews

Why this question:

Days after the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019 got the nod of Parliament, the Election Commission on August 13 held an internal meeting on the delimitation of constituencies ahead of elections to the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the concept of delimitation and its affects on representation of people act.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define delimitation and its importance – Delimitation literally means the act of fixing the boundaries of constituencies.

Body:

Discuss the concept and evolution of delimitation in India.

Explain its significance, associated issues, current context of J and K.

Discuss what needs to be done and what are the consequences.

Conclusion:

Conclude with assertion of significance.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2)  India needs to shift towards a Solid waste management plan alongside the existing Swachh Bharat mission and look beyond toilets. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question: 

In a nascent effort to look beyond toilets and kick off its ODF+ phase — that is, Open Defecation Free Plus — focussing on solid and liquid waste management, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) has included the prevalence of plastic litter and water-logging in villages as indicators of cleanliness in its 2019 rural survey.

Demand of the question:

The question is about giving importance to solid waste management in the mission of swacch Bharat. 

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Define solid waste management.

Body

In India, solid waste management needs to be planned and implemented alongside well-maintained drainage and sewerage networks and with the active participation of the communities.

The answer must bring out the progress made by Swachh Bharat and how it has achieved milestones so far and that it is time to shift towards bigger goals of waste management.

Conclusion 

Conclude with significance. 


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Will a greater centralisation of decision-making help the Ladakh region’s already-fragile terrain? Discuss in the light of recent decision of the government to transform of Ladakh into a Union Territory (UT).(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article in in the backdrop of recent govt. decision of declaring Ladakh as a union territory and the significance of the decision.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the aspect of greater centralization and its pros and cons.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the background of the situation.

Body:

Take hints from the article, first narrate the circumstances under which the decision has been taken by the government and then explain the reasons, impact of such a decision and the merits and demerits of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with fair and balanced opinion on the issue.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) Universities should be a place for ‘creativity’, ‘out of the box thinking’ and ‘ideological disruptions’. Comment in the light of existing higher education scenario in India.(250 words)

ndtv

Why this question:

The question aims to discuss the significance of universities as platforms for creative thinking.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the Indian scenario of higher education, what way they are places for creative thinking.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction on the current status of universities in India.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Give a brief on the current scenario on Universities.

Discuss the issues surrounding the higher education system in the country, what are the key challenges and suggest what needs to be done to overcome the same. 

Explain what can be done to ensure they become hubs for creative thinking and innovation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5)  “Ease of living should be the ultimate aim of the country, while ease of doing business is merely one of the pathways to achieve it.” Elucidate.(250 words)

Prime minister’s speech for 73rd Independence Day from the Red fort.

The hindu

Why this question:

 The phrase has been picked up from Prime minister’s speech for 73rd Independence Day from the Red fort, it aims to throw light upon ease of living in the country and dire need of the same.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of ease of living, significance of ease of doing business.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is ease of living and ease of doing business.

Body:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has reiterated that the priority of Central Government is to ensure Ease of Doing Business and Ease of Living, the Digital India Campaign has ensured Ease of Living for common people.

Discuss the various aspects of policies of the govt. that is ensuring ease of living. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

6)  It’s not hard to make decisions when you know what your values are and what attitude one carries towards life. Do you agree? Substantiate.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of values and attitudes.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of values and right attitude while making hard decisions in one’s life.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define attitude and values.

Body:

Explain in detail the role played by values and attitude in an individual’s life and in what way they are key in defining behaviour of a person. 

Discuss how they become relevant in decision making using suitable illustrations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the values and attitude.


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) What is the difference between social influence and persuasion? How do they influence individuals differently? Discuss.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is about comparing persuasion and social influence.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the difference between persuasion and social influence and how each of them impact individuals differently.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define persuasion and social influence.

Body:

Explain what is the difference between social influence and persuasion – Influence is the ability to make someone do something through the use of one’s resources (wealth, social status, or power). “Having influence over someone or something” simply means through the means of your resources and how you distribute/ use them people will do your bidding because you have something of value to them. 

Persuasion is the ability to make someone do something through the use of words to manipulate their thoughts, behavior, and actions. While, you need large amounts of resources to truly influence anyone or anything- anyone can have the ability to persuade. Persuasion in itself is a tool/ and or a resource to use towards a goal.

Quote examples to substantiate how the two elements can influence an individual in different ways.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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