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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) Access to credit is a human right, essential for the poor to create self-employment and income. In the backdrop of the above statement discuss the role played by microfinance institutions and explain whose interests are microfinance institutions serving today?(250 words)

epw

Why this question:

 The question aims to analyse the role played by microfinances in the country to alleviate poverty.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss what are microfinancing institutions, what role they play in alleviating poverty in the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what are microfinance institutions.

Body:

Explain the role played by microfinance institutions in rooting out poverty.

Microfinance is the provision of financial services to low-income clients or solidarity lending groups including consumers and the self-employed, who traditionally lack access to banking and related services. It is not just about giving micro credit to the poor rather it is an economic development tool whose objective is to assist poor to work their way out of poverty. It covers a wide range of services like credit, savings, insurance, remittance and also non-financial services like training, counseling etc.

Then discuss the salient features. Explain how they can fulfill the gaps in the system.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

2) Rural tourism not only contributes to tourism industry but also creates local economic growth and overall sustainable development. Discuss.(250 words)

Chapter 2. Rural Tourism in India, Kurukshetra: April 2019 Issue

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of rural tourism.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must capture the concept of rural tourism in India and in what way it brings sustainable development along with rural local economic growth.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define rural tourism.

Body:

Rural development is a necessity for India and any strategy/ policy in this direction is a welcome step. There is a lot of scope of rural tourism, given the vast rural hinterland of India and growing connectivity between urban and rural centers.

Explain opportunities in rural tourism and also discuss what benefits it could provide. E.g Desire for escape from the monoculture of city living.  Increasing Interest in Outdoor Recreation, Eco-Tourism and Special Interest Tourism. Rural locations are ideal for relaxation and rejuvenation. Over-familiarity and Congestion with traditional tourist resorts Increased Interest in alternative and off-beat attractions Curiosity for rural India and its culture, customs and heritages Accessibility of Rural Areas. Growing number of special interest tourists etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead and reassert that rural tourism holds huge potential in transforming rural society of India in terms of growth and development.


Topic: Disaster and disaster management. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

3) The recent floods of catastrophic dimensions have ravaged many states in the country, don’t you think this has proved the rejection of Gadgil panel report to be a costly error for people and environment? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question: 

Gadgil panel report on rapid erosion of Western Ghats is back in focus amid floods.

Demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the key findings of the report and in what way the recommendations of the report were ignored and such an ignorance has actually led to intensification of the disasters marring the western Ghats.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Explain what is the issue.

Body

First explain what was Gadgil report all about? What were its key recommendations? Why was the report rejected and on what basis?

Then discuss its implications. Relate it to the current conditions of the western Ghats and associate it with the causative factors of the recent floods.

Conclusion 

Conclude with solutions and way ahead.


Topic:  Agriculture, Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4) Palm oil easily constitutes over two-third of India’s burgeoning vegetable oil import and amidst such huge demand sustainability of palm oil Industry in India lingers to face many tests. Analyse.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of sustainable palm oil industry and the challenges it is facing in the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the challenges being faced by the palm oil industry in the country and what needs to be done to overcome them.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe with statistics the palm oil growing regions of the country.

Body:

In recent years, rising incomes, expanding population and extant low per-capita availability have combined to boost India’s edible oil consumption.

Then discuss the key problems associated.

Explain in what way with industry backing and consumer awareness, eco-friendly palm oil can find a lucrative market in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

5) Proactive participation of state governments is one of the best possible ways to battle Maoist insurgency in the country. Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the role of state govt. in tackling the problem of Maoist insurgency.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in what way the long-standing internal national security threat can be handled with active participation of state governments.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief on the current situations of Maoist insurgencies in the country.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

First explain the scenario of insurgency in the country and expanse, in what way can the insurgency be handled through proactive engagement of government. Take hints from the article and discuss the same with suitable illustrations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

6) What do you understand by persuasion? Discuss the significant role played by it in public life.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of persuasion.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the virtue of persuasion and the role it plays in public life.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First define the concept of persuasion.

Body:

Persuasion is an umbrella term of influence. Persuasion can attempt to influence a person’s beliefs, attitudes, intentions, motivations, or behaviors. Discuss the various associated theories of persuasion. Explain how these can be applied to different situations differently. Explain using a case study/example how persuasion can be put to use in public life, what importance does it hold.

Conclusion:

Conclude by asserting the significance of Persuasion as a key value in public life.


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) Explain the relationship between attitude and behaviour. Do you think training can change attitude of people towards weaker sections of the society? Discuss. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the relationship between attitude and behaviour.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the relationship between attitude and behaviour. In what way training can change attitude of people towards weaker sections of the society.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is attitude.

Body:

Explain what are the elements of attitude and behaviour, in what way the two are interrelated. attitude can be defined as what a person internalizes as its values and beliefs, what it carries to be disposed and what generally forms a character of a person. behavior finely abuts attitude. it’s a sum total summary of a person’s actions.

It can be called the visible form of attitude. or rather actions make the attitude visible in the form of person’s behavior.

Discuss the role of training in redefining and shaping one’s attitude.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable examples and justify the importance of the two.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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